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University of California - Davis
PSC 140
Kathleen Latagunta

Terms & Concepts to Review for Final Exam PSC 140 Winter 2013 (Lagattuta) The following is intended to serve as a guide on what to focus on in your studying for the final. There may be terms and concepts NOT INCLUDED on this list that are on the exam, and some of the terms and concepts on this list may not ultimately appear as test questions. You should also reference your previous study guides for Midterms 1-3. The final exam will be 68 multiple-choice questions covering all material from the quarter (text and lectures). See course syllabus for specific chapters. General theories of development [esp. how they stand on issues of nature (biology) vs. nurture (environment)] General research methods and designs (e.g., cross-sectional, longitudinal, cohort-sequential, experimental vs. observational) Control group versus experimental group Correlational versus causal relationships Genetic transmission (e.g., mitosis, meiosis, laws of genetic inheritance) How many chromosomes does a sperm or ovum contain? How many chromosomes in a zygote? Stages of prenatal development and key development in each Cephalocaudal and proximodistal patterns of growth Principles of teratogenic effects Effects of teratogens—smoking, drugs, alcohol 3 Stages of birth (what is the end-point of each?) Infant reflexes (Moro, Babinski, Rooting) Temperament dimensions Effects of prematurity on development Effects of low birth weight & criteria for low birth weight Theories of attachment and types of attachment Stability of attachment over time Predictive value of attachment classifications (e.g., what developmental outcomes does being securely versus insecurely attached in infancy predict for later in childhood?) Infant research methods (especially habituation, preferential looking, high amplitude sucking technique) Age social smiling starts and why (relation to development of brain and visual system) Imitation in infancy and early childhood Age children typically start to engage in basic pretend play Primary versus secondary intersubjectivity—DON’T GET CONFUSED with primary versus secondary circular reactions (Piaget) Development of sense of self around 18-24 months (e.g., rouge test, sense of standards) Language development Theories of language development Stages of communicative development (e.g., cooing, babbling, etc.) common “errors” in early language (e.g., overregularization of –ed) Development of receptive vs. productive vocabulary Markman’s cognitive principles that aid word learning (e.g., whole object, categorizing, mutual exclusivity) Piaget and cognitive development (be familiar with the types of thinking in each stage: Sensorimotor, Pre-Operational, Concrete Operational) Some key terms: Primary vs. secondary circular reac
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