Anthro Reading.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHRO 2A
Professor
Alicia Chavez
Semester
Winter

Description
Anthro Reading 01/12/2014 Chapter 1.1: An Anthropological Perspective Anthropos= human beings Logia= the study of Anthropology is holistic­ means trying to fit together all that is known about human beings Anthropology is a comparative discipline­ anthropologists must consider similarities and differences in as  wide range of human societies as possible Anthropology is evolutionary­ change in humans over time Chapter 1.2: Subfields of Anthropology 4 subfields of anthro Biological Anthropology­ subfield of anthro that looks at humans as biological organisms Primatologists­ study nonhuman primates (chimps/gorillas) Paleoanthropologists­ study fossilized bones Forensic Anthropologists­ use knowledge of human anatomy to aid law enforcement, identify skeletal  material found at crime sites Medical Anthropology­ study factors that contribute to human disease and the way they respond to them. Cultural Anthropology­ study of how variation in the beliefs and behaviors of members of different human  groups is shaped by culture­ sets of learned behaviors and ideas that human beings acquire as members of  a society. Double movement: anthropologists study other ways of life not only to understand them in their own terms  but also to put the anthropologists’ own ways of life in perspective. Rooted in by fieldwork­ an anthropologist’s personal, long­term experience with a specific group of people  and way of life Anthropology has been a n  experiential discipline ­ experiencing a different way of life Drawbacks to this are that Anthropologists can’t make generalizations about an entire nation or society. Informants­ people who share information about their way of life with anthropologists Participant­observation­ research method in which one participates in a group’s social activities and also  observes them. Monograph­ book written about a single culture or way of life Ethnography­ ethnographic monograph Ethnology­ comparative study of two or more ways of life Ethnographers ­ write ethnographies Ethnologists ­ compare ethnographic information Linguistic Anthropology­ study of human languages­ arbitrary vocal symbols Seek to understand language in relation to broader cultural, historical, or biological contexts that make it  possible. Archaeology­ cultural anthropology of the past human societies Prehistory­ long stretch of time before the development of writing Applied anthropology­increasing numbers of anthropologists have used methods and findings from every  subfield of anthro to address problems in the contemporary world. Development anthro­ aim to improve people’s capacity to maintain health, produce food, and adapt to  c
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