Biological (physical: what makes humans different. Cultural: focus and compare human societies that exist today. Learned; acquired through experiences surrounding individual: not innate. Symbols and their meanings are arbitrary/artificial: meanings vary from culture to culture. Not static: changes over time, no one stuck in the past. Individuals share within culture: cannot have culture of one. Anthropologist wants to convert from etic to emic. Telling what anthropologists learned from connecting with people. Report or findings of another culture created by the anthropologist. Incommensurability: some behavior, value, belief, attitude, etc in one culture that us very difficult for outsiders to understand/comprehend. People of yanomamo had no word to represent love: very absurd for us culture. Cultural relativism: principle that individual"s (cid:271)eliefs should (cid:271)e u(cid:374)de(cid:396)stood (cid:271)(cid:455) othe(cid:396)s i(cid:374) te(cid:396)(cid:373)s of the i(cid:374)di(cid:448)idual"s o(cid:449)(cid:374) (cid:272)ultu(cid:396)e, tool used to try to understand culture by suspending own cultural views. Armchair anthropologists: anthropologists who came with findings without doing field work.