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[ANTHRO 2A] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (36 pages long!)


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHRO 2A
Professor
Kimberly Mc Kinson
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
ANTHRO 2A
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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University of California, Irvine
Summer Session II, 2016
Professor: Kimberly McKinson
Email: kmckinson@uci.edu
Anthropology 2A
Lecture 1A
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Notes
Introduction
Indiana Jones is a stereotypical portrayal of the study
What is anthropology?
“The science of man” and “the science of culture”
It is concerned with human cultural diversity and variation
It is not about studying exotic people and collecting facts and artifacts
It challenges the assumptions that we take for granted as “natural” or
“common sense”
It is concerned with how we make sense of our worlds and lives
It employs “fieldwork” and the result of fieldwork is presented in an
“ethnography”
The study of what makes us human
The study of humans from past to present, draws on sciences and application of
knowledge
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Four fields of anthropology
Archaeology (Indiana Jones)
They analyze human bones, artifacts to examine how the past was lived
and how things lived in their natural environment
Biological anthropology (or physical anthropology)
Seek to understand how humans interact with different environments,
what causes disease and death
How we evolved from animals (monkeys, human ancestors in form of
fossils)
Interested in similarities and differences between humans across the
world
More similar to one another than different
Linguistic anthropology
Studies the many ways humans communicate across the globe
Interested in how a language is linked and between each other
How it changes over time
How we really use language in our daily life, to form or change
identities and power
Keys to how we make society and culture
Sociocultural anthropology
Explore how people in different places live and understand the world
around them
What people think about them, rules of how they interact with each
other
Best way to learn about diversity is to spend time living among them,
learning the norms and practices and how they are different from their
own
Native anthropologists: studying one’s own culture
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