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ART HIS 40B Study Guide - Midterm Guide: International Gothic, Groin Vault, Barrel VaultExam

Art History
Course Code
Lyle Massey
Study Guide

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AH 40B Midterm Study Guide
Exam: Monday, February 11
No bluebooks necessary, pen only
Midterm format: term definitions and short essay questions with slide IDs.
How to use the study guide: Using the lists below of terms and works of art and
architecture, find out what was said about each by going through the powerpoints posted
on canvas, your own notes from lecture, the readings and study questions and the
Heilbrunn timeline. We suggest that you make flash cards for each term, artwork and
monument to help you study.
Terms: You will be asked to define terms on the quiz. To receive full points, you must focus on
how these terms were defined in class (we aren’t looking for a dictionary definition, but for a
historical definition such as those given in class). And second, you must connect it to a specific
artwork or architectural site that we have discussed in lecture or section. For instance, if you are
asked to define the word “catacomb,” you should give a historical definition of the term (the
where, what and why of “catacombs”) and then explain why it is important art historically by
referring to a specific example we’ve seen in class. As an example, we discussed the catacomb of
Callisto and its painting of the Good Shepherd. You should be able to say that in early Christian
catacombs there were few representations of Christ. Instead, Christ was allegorically represented
by the figure of the Good Shepherd, a motif that was adapted from classical Greek sources. The
shepherd refers to Christ tending the flock of believers, but also, the lamb held by the shepherd
serves as an allegory for Christ. Lambs were sacrificed on altars in both Roman and Judaic
religions. Early Christians interpreted Christs crucifixion as his sacrifice to redeem mankind,
comparing it to the sacrifice of a lamb in other religious contexts. The image of the Good
Shepherd therefore combines the two different allegorical meanings.
catacomb altarpiece
icon cult of the Virgin
iconoclasm mendicant orders
Byzantine Empire lost wax bronze
acheiropoietic Rayonnant architecture
relic flying buttress
reliquary lux nova
furta sacra scriptorium
martyrium/mausoleum/central plan illumination
basilica/latin cross/longitudinal plan historiated initial
sacred kingship Chi Rho
pilgrimage complex interlace
choir marginalia
nave gloss
barrel vault Republican city-state
tympanum tyranny
ribbed groin vault International Gothic Style
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