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ART HIS 42C Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Himeji Castle, Tenshu, Folding Screen


Department
Art History
Course Code
ART HIS 42C
Professor
Douglas Winther
Study Guide
Midterm

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Art of Japan (ART HISTORY 42C) Study Guide 4
Namban (Muromachi, Momoyama and Edo Period: 1549-1639)
- Period of Europe impact on Japanese art and culture
- Europeans came to Japan for 2 reasons:
o Religious (convert Japanese to Christianity)
o Trade
St Francis Xavier: a Christian missionary
- Traveled India to Malaysia to Japan
- Successful until 1639
- Christianity suppressed after Edo Period
Lacquer: paint from sap of a special tree
- Hard, shell-like surface
- Strong, light weight, water resistant
- Used by Japanese craftsmen to make exports for Europeans
Missal stand, Momoyama Period, lacquer:
- Held Christian book/text
- Has 3 nails of crucifixion
- Gold and silver color
o Silver comes from mother of pearl shell which is luminous and embedded to the
lacquer
- IHS: monogram of the Society of Jesus on gold leaf
- Cherry blossom tree/flowers (motif)
o Represents the Buddhist influence and culture
Maps
- Folding screen format
Writing box, lacquer, Edo Period, ca. 1633
- Ink stone inside the box and a tray for brushes (equipment for painter/artist)
- Made of lacquer
o Flower design on surface of box
o Brownish, red lacquer color underneath the flowers
o Images of strange Europeans (Nambans) inside and on the underside of the lid
Men had exaggerated features: long noises, weird clothing, very tall
Map of Japan and Map of the World, Momoyama Period
Pair of foldig screes, ’x11’ each, gold leaf, ik paper, oode frae
- Very large and freestanding (3D)
- 6 panels each
- Beautiful gold clouds on the map
- Based on early Portuguese or Spanish maps
Himeji Castle, Hyogo Prefecture, Momoyama Period
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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