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BIO SCI 35- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 56 pages long!)


Department
Biological Sciences
Course Code
BIO SCI 35
Professor
Andrea Nicholas
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
BIO SCI 35
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Lack of separation between mind and body
Magic and a firm belief in the supernatural helped people make sense out of the unexplainable
Prehistoric Beliefs
The heart, and not the brain, was thought to record all good and evil deeds
Book of the Dead
Divination "Dragon" Bones
Malevolent forces in the wind were thought to cause diseases of the mind
14th Century BCE China
The focus was to maintain balance and harmony
Fire/Earth/Metal/Water/Wood
Based on 5 elements that corresponded to the 5 states of power under the Emperor during the
Chou Dynasty
Confucius
6th Century BCE
600 B.C. Greece - Golden Age
Philo "love" and Sophia "wisdom"
Reason (truth)
Intelligence (sensory perception)
Impulse (bodily energies)
3 Part Soul:
Rational - brain
Irrational - heart
Pythagoras
6th Century BCE India - Shortly after the lifetime of Prince Siddhartha
Enlightened goodness - Brain
Passion & Pain - Chest
Animal instincts - Abdomen
Hindu Medicine
Suggested that disordered thoughts and strong emotions could lead to physical disease states
Sushruta
460 BCE
Belonged to the order of Aesculapian priests based on Pythagorean teachings
Choleric - yellow bile
Melancholic - black bile
Four basic temperaments:
Hippocrates
History
History - 9/29/17
Friday, September 29, 2017
11:39 AM
BioSci 35 Brain and Behavior Page 1
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Melancholic - black bile
Sanguine - blood
Phlegmatic - phlegm
He claimed the brain as the sole organ to associate with the mind in his medical text "On the Sacred
Diseases"
Hippocratic Oath
Intellect - Brain (immortal intellect)
Fear, pride, anger & courage - Liver
Lust, greed & desire - Lower intestine
Promoted struggle between animal urges and higher intelligence
Plato
Began the Lyceum - biological zoo and gardens in Athens
He believed, as the Egyptians that the heart was the seat of all thought and emotion - alcohol
flush
Aristotle
Plato & Aristotle
The gladiator's physician - 100 A.D.
Roman
Discovered the ventricles and believed the food was converted to "vital spirits"
Choleric - easily angered
Sanguine - optimistic
Melancholic - prone to sadness
Phlegmatic - apathetic and unenthused
He elaborated on Hippocrates 4 humors
Galen
The "Galen" of Islam - 980 CE
Rome fell and Greek philosophy came to be considered heresy. Vast collections of knowledge were
destroyed over centuries.
The Persian culture continued the teachings of ancient Greeks.
One of the first neurologists
He correctly determined the frontal lobe to be associated with reasoning and common sense
Avicenna
The Inquisition 1233
The Plague 14th Century
The body is nothing more than a complex machine under the control of the mind, consisting of
innate (inborn) and derived (experience-based) thought
The great "Rationalist" held to the self-evident truth:
Rene Descartes 1596-1650
BioSci 35 Brain and Behavior Page 2
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