BIO SCI 93- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 72 pages long!)


Department
Biological Sciences
Course Code
BIO SCI 93
Professor
Jorge Busciglio Kim Green Marcelo A Wood
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 72 pages of the document.
UC-Irvine
BIO SCI 93
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Introduction- Lecture 1 (Pgs. 1-9, 93-97)
Properties of life
Order
Evolutionary adaptation
Response to the environment
Reproduction
Growth and development
Energy processing
Regulation
Emergent properties
Novel properties that emerge at each level that are absent from the
preceding level
Living world order (biggest to smallest)
Biosphere
Ecosystems
Communities
Populations
Organisms
Organs and organ systems
Tissues
Cells
Organelles
Molecules
Systems biology
Exploring biology by studying interactions
The cell is the BASIC unit of life
Lowest level of structure capable of performing all the activities of life
Enclosed by membrane (regulates passage of materials), contains
cytosol, and uses DNA as genetic info
Cells
Prokaryotic (bacteria/archaea)
No nucleus or membrane bound organelles
DNA concentrated in the nucleoid
Small and simple (single celled)
Eukaryotic (plant/animal cells, protists, fungi)
Membrane bound organelles
Must have nucleus that contains the DNA
Bigger and more complex (multicellular)
Heritable information found in DNA- ALL life based on heritable information
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Universal genetic code (nucleotide bases- A, T, C, G)
Genes provide information to make proteins that maintain the cell and
carry out activities
Differences in organisms is reflected in nucleotide sequence
Genome
ALL genetic info an organism inherits
Genomics
Process of studying whole sets of genes/DNA in one or more species
Proteomics
Study of sets of proteins and their properties
Bioinformatics
Use of computational tools to store, organize, and analyze data
Organisms are open systems
Exchange energy and materials with their surroundings
Involves the transformation of energy from one to another
An organism’s ability to interact with the physical environment and other
organisms is necessary for the ecosystem to move smoothly
Feedback regulation
Regulates biological processes
Output regulates process
Negative
Response reduces stimulus
Ex. glucose in the blood
Positive
End product speeds up its own production
Ex. blood clots
“Form fits function”
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version