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CLASSIC 45B- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 51 pages long!)


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLASSIC 45B
Professor
Andromache Karanika
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
CLASSIC 45B
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Class: Classics 45B
1
Topic: Introduction to Classical Mythology
Date: 1-9-17
Meaning of Myth
Where does myth come
from?
Early attempts to
interpret myths
What does the scientific
study of myth have to
offer to us today?
Basic Sources of
Classical Mythology
Myth and Literature
Traditional character of
myth
mythos=utterance, speech
Involves a story that is told and heard by people,product of storyteller by
tradition from person to person
Primarily concerned with gods and mortals
Myth cognates with the word mythos in ancient Greek
Mythos synonymous with logos and epos
Terms like saga or legend have a more specific relationship to history
and the making of history(as in family legend, local legend). Folktale.
Are all non-historical narratives classed as myth?
Origins of Greek mythology in oral tradition
Influence by other traditions of the East( Egypt, Mesopotamia)
The oldest surviving myths as they appear in the narrative of Homer
and Hesiod, epics in a crystallized form that spring from a rich oral
tradition
Intersections between myth and religion. The problem of study of
ancient ritual with mythological narratives. Etiological approaches
Metaphor, allegory, symbolism. Euphemisms( from Euhemerus)
Euhemerus thought that some gods were eternal and
imperishable but others were initially kinds who were deified
Allegory (such as nature myths)
The use of myth to understand modernity. From astrophysics to
archaeology and art history, politics to sociology.
Structuralism (binary oppositions)
Feminism
Psychoanalysis.
First generation (Freud, emphasis on sexuality).
Second generation Myths as the ‘collective unconscious’ (Jung)
Ancient Greek Lit
Latin Lit
Archaeological Evidence
Literature the most important source of myth.
A myth transcends literature
Doesn't coincide with a particular text or literary genre
We will often investigate the same myth due to the traditional through a
variety of sources looking at diff versions character in the
transmission of myth, and the absence of an apocalyptic religion
Case of the myth of Atlantis in Plato
Heard it from Critias, his uncle, who heard it from his
grandfather, from his father, from Solon, from Egypt)
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Class: Classics 45B
2
Myth and History
Timetable of Early Greek
History
Mycenaean
So, when do (most of)
our sources date?
Genres of archaic and
classical Greek poetry
Myth as prehistory. The mythic past incorporates stories from the
world’s beginning to the Trojan War. special concern of this course:
How do these stories affect the ancient and modern life?
Myth as history? The Trojan example to be discussed in detail. History
as possible kernel for extended narratives about gods and heroes
Sketch of Early Greece and the Aegean
Stone Age
Paleolithic (before 70,000 B.C.)
Neolithic (ca. 6000-3000 B.C.)
Early Bronze Age (3000-2000 B.C.)
Minoan
Early Cycladic
Early Helladic
Middle Bronze Age (2000-1600 B.C.)
Middle Minoan
Middle Cycladic
Middle Helladic
Late Bronze Age( 1600-1100 B.C.)
Late Minoan (Mycenaean)
Late Cycladic
Late Helladic
Called that by city of Mycenae
After 1400 BC, Cretan eclipsed (possibly natural disaster)
Some scholars attribute downfall of Crete to a Mycenaean invasion
Heinrich Schliemann was the first to excavate Mycenae (1876)> link
between traditional myths as narrated in Homeric poems and actual
places named in the poems like Mycenae
NOW THE FOCUS IS on the 1st Millennium BC
Archaic Greece (8th-6th century BC)
Classical Greece (5th-4th)
Hellenistic Greece
Roman Period
Epic
Archaic greece
Nature:oral performance
Lyric
drama
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