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Study Guide

CRM/LAW C100- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 26 pages long!)


Department
Criminology, Law and Society
Course Code
CRM/LAW C100
Professor
Williams
Study Guide
Midterm

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UC-Irvine
CRM/LAW C100
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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20170406 Lecture 2 On to Definition of Terms
Intimacy and Definition of Key Terms in Family Conflict and Violence
-Much of this material draws from the seminal work of Murray Straus, Gerald !
Hotaling, and Richard Gelles, as summarized recently in:
-Gelles, Richard J. (2017). Intimate Violence and Abuse in Families (4th Edition). New York:
Oxford University Press
The Importance of Defining Terms:!
- Clarity in the interpretation of events.
-Those interpretations guide our answers and actions to questions like:
-Does it count?
-What does it mean to me?
-What do I do about it?
Terms to Define:!
- Conflicts of Interest!
- Conflict Management
-Hostility
-Coercion/Aggression
- Assertiveness
-Violence
Conflicts of Interest:
-People living in any social group strive to live their lives according to their own personal
agendas that inevitably differ.
-Individual and collective interests are often incompatible, with the realization of one
impinging on the realization of another.
Conflict Management: !
- Strategies and actions carries out in response to conflicts of interest.!
- These are the means use by people in an attempt to advance their own interests in the context of
competing or divergent interests.
Hostility:
- Feelings of dislike, antipathy, or anger resulting from unresolved or repressed conflicts of
interest.
-Stifled attempts to do something about conflicts of interest means that people are prevented
from achieving ends that are important to them. Hostility can spring from this frustration.
Coercion/Aggression: !
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- The use or threat of force with the intent or with the perceived intent of advancing !
individual or collective interests.
- Cultural or material deprivation, as well as psychological or physical damage is !
possible, but not necessary.
- MicroAggression !
Assertiveness:!
- Non-forceful attempts to pursue individual or collective interests without the intent of doing
harm to others (e.g., standing up for one’s rights).
- This is a healthy way of dealing relationship !
Violence: !
- Threats or acts of physical force, verbal or emotional humiliation carried out with the intent or
with the perceived intent of physically or psychologically harming another !
person. !
- Violence is not an either/or concept. It is a continuum of actions that vary according to a
number of dimensions. !
Dimensions of Violence:!
- Seriousness — the potential or actual harm done, the extent to which it is viewed as morally
wrong, and the frequency and persistence of the behavior.!
- Legitimacy — whether actions are or are not approved or required in specific social settings.!
- Instrumental or Expressive Nature of Violence — whether actions are a means to and end or an
end in themselves.!
- Proactive vs. Reactive Violence
- Direct vs. Indirect Violence !
Organizing the Varieties of Terms
-Violence
-PhysicalAbuse
-SexualAbuse
-Wife-Spouse Abuse
-PartnerAbuse
-Battering
-ChildAbuse
-ElderAbuse
-Psychological-EmotionalAbuse
-Coercion-Maltreatment
-Abandonment & Neglect
-Financial Exploitation
-Non-Violent Control Strategies, such as excessive monitoring, monopolizing !
decision-making, isolating from family and friends, etc.
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