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CRM/LAW C107- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 43 pages long!)


Department
Criminology, Law and Society
Course Code
CRM/LAW C107
Professor
Henry N.Pontell
Study Guide
Midterm

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UC-Irvine
CRM/LAW C107
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lec 2- 32jenn36
Transition from regarding wrongdoing as evil to no a violation of a social norm
o Constructionist approach
Concerned with subjectivity and how judgements of deviance came about
How certain behavior attracted condemnation (stigmatized)
Deviance is defined by a diversity of groups
o Each group regards wrongness differently
Whether and to what extent definitions were given power
What is considered deviant varies between audiences
o When do once-deviant views become unobjectionable, tolerated, embraced
as coequal among members of the dominant sector of the society
Civil rights
2 pg paper, double space, requires no references (not scholarly)
o Prompt: What constituted deviance in your home town? Who was
considered deviant in your home town (include high school experience) Note
any change over time. (gang looking guys being tolerated early, then tough
on crime policy sent to north park to clear up school)
In the context of, deviant behavior as being acts that violate major
social norms and attract, or are likely to attract, condemnation,
stigma, social isolation, censure
Theory battle
o Sociology of deviance is made up of two enterprises
Explanatory or positivistic theories
Interactionist or constructionist theories
Consensus- conflict
o Sayig e do’t hae diersity or hage (ut that e are aoral if e
deviate)
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Lecture 3
Stigma as a process where audiences have changed
o Wrongdoings changing from something that is evil to seeing it as the violation of a
constructed
o A deviant person is a disvalued person (edward Sagarin)
We are interested in creation, enforcement, and who rules are directed at
o 1. Positivistic
scientifically grounded, empirical
why societally defined deviance takes place in some settings and not others
Type of behavior with objectively-given features that the social
scientist can observe, explain the emergence and variation
Durkheim deviance is an integral part of all societies: deviance is normal to
all healthy functioning societies
People are not perfectly socialized (you obey the rules in variation depending
on how socialized you are (positivist
o 2. Constructionist
subjectivist- concerned with how judgements of deviance come about
how certain behavior attract condemnation
how people become stigmatized
Joel Best- before speaking of deviance, used to be deviate behavior (anti-social behavior)
(Merton)
o Historically term was trapped in harm, pathology, degeneracy
Then shift
Becker- 95s (deiat ehaior is ot oratie, ot si, it’s differet
Constructionism downplays features of deviance, emphasizes how they are
conceptualized, seen, judged
Stronger the reaction and the larger the audience
Curra
o Becker,lemer, kitsuse all constructionist (measuring how they become norms,
how they are enforced
Frank Tannenbaum
o Juvenile delinquents shared not so much a particular or consistent set of
behavioral experiences, as much as the face that they were labelled or tagged as
being evil
o Shared experience of being labelled (not intrinsically evil but instead they were
labeled as evil)
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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