Study Guides (380,000)
US (220,000)
UC-Irvine (3,000)
CRM/LAW (200)
Study Guide

[CRM/LAW C115] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 193 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Criminology, Law and Society
Course Code
CRM/LAW C115
Professor
Susan Turner
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 193 pages of the document.
UC-Irvine
CRM/LAW C115
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

LECTURE 1
January 10, 2017
Reducing Mass Incarceration in California
California Prison System Grew Dramatically
19501980: prison population averaged 20,000~ people.
170,000 peak a few years ago, around 2006.
For the last 3035 years, we have been on the prison binge.
o LA is one county out of 58.
Generally contributed a third of all the prisoners to the state system.
They have one prison.
Currently spend over $10 billion per year for state prison system.
o California and other states had to go on a diet because it was getting pretty
costly, taking resources from other things citizens like to have (like education).
o Inadequate medical and mental health care due to overcrowded prisons
Recent Major California Crime Initiatives
Realignment
o Shifts responsibility of lower level offenders from state to counties in October
2011 passed, effective October 2011
o Affects ~33,000 inmates and ~90,000 parolees
o To make a clear distinction between serious offenders (assault) and lower-level
offenders (drugs)
Three-Strikes
o Ballot measure to revise 3rd strike in November 2012 passed
Third strike revised to be serious offense (assault, sexual, etc.)
o Affects ~8,900 inmates
o Three strikes initiative: anyone who commits a felony gets a strike, and once you
get the third strike (regardless of serious offense or not), you get a long sentence
Tough on crime politically (1994?)
Death Penalty
o Ballot measure to repeal in November 2012 failed
o Affects ~740 inmates
Prop 47
o Reclassifies property and drug offenses to misdemeanors November 2014
passed
o Affected ~4,500 prisoners and 9,000 jail inmates
Prop 57
o Parole consideration for non-violent offenders who have served primary term in
November 2016 passed
Death Penalty
o Ballot measure to repeal in November 2016 failed
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Goal: PULL PEOPLE OUT, shift prison population weight
Realignment Signaled Massive Change in California
Turned the California justice system upside down
o To reduce prison population
Other options offered by class:
Education
Make it harder for people to get in
Harder classes (so they drop out on their own)
o Ofte, he people oe out of priso, it’s tough
They have a record, not many programs to help readjust
Many people fail at re-entry into society and end up back in prison
Treat folks different ways:
o Serious, violent, sex felons to prison
o Non-serious, non-violent, non-sex felons to counties
And the Crime Rate Plummeted
(graph) California Crime and Prison Population Rate:
o From 1980, prison population went up whereas crime rate went down
o Possible explanations:
Those two may not be related to each other
Imprisoning people incapacitates them and renders them unable to
commit crime
But can you possibly lock up everybody?
o We do’t hae eough oey
o Logically, no.
Conditions of Confinement Were Challenged
August 2009: three-judge panel held California prisons violated 8th amendment
(Constitutional obligation to protect all citizens from cruel and unusual punishment)
o Inmates were dying unnecessarily
o Crowding deemed cause of poor health care
o California must reduce prison population to 137.5% capacity by June 2013
May 2011: US Supreme Court agreed
October 2011: Realignment went into effect
The question: HOW DO WE REDUCE POPULATION?
Ways to Reduce Prison Population
Who goes in
o Prevent people from coming in
o The law says that people who commit this crime go to prison let’s hage it
o You can serve your time in jail instead of prison
Length of sentences
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version