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CRM/LAW C175- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 71 pages long!)


Department
Criminology, Law and Society
Course Code
CRM/LAW C175
Professor
Mc Cleary
Study Guide
Midterm

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UC-Irvine
CRM/LAW C175
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Crim C175 Week 1 Lecture 1 01:56
<Issues in Policing, Lecture 1>
The police aren’t allowed to give you a ticket unless you deserve it
Number 1 predictor of how you feel about the police in any way whatsoever
is whether you’ve been stopped by the police
The Democratic Dilemma of Policing
Police officers are the only government agents allowed to use force and
coercion to pursue and accomplish public goals. Police departments are
analogous to military forces.
We are a democracy; we have one element that doesn’t fit in unless it’s
done very well, and that is policing, because police have the right to use
force
The police can deceive you and lie to you; this is a democracy, we should be
treated with the same dignity as everyone
The more that citizens voluntarily co-operate with police officers, the less
need for force. But Police officers cannot function without the consent and
co-operation of citizens.
We are moving into a time where people have lost the confidence in the
ability of the police to treat them well with dignity
The police cannot operate without the whole-hearted consent of the citizen
If you do not cooperate with the police, the government falls; police cannot
do their job
Police officers are the final recourse when civility and order break down.
They are the “thin blue line.”
Who decides when a public purpose is “legitimate?” What laws should be
enforced? Why do citizens give their “consent” and “co-operation” to the
police. How much policing is enough?
There are more and more controls on police so it is important for them to
gain your trust and cooperation
Concepts and Definitions
Culture
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Group-specific behavior acquired at least in part from social influences.
Cultural effects are inferred from group differences that cannot be explained
solely by environmental differences.
Role
A set of rights, expectations, and obligations associated with a social
situation (or office). Role behavior is inferred from behaviors that cannot be
explained solely by individual differences.
A highly evolved concept
In very early primitive groups, if the leader dies, the group dies
As groups evolve and become more rational, the leadership becomes a role
In our society, when the president leaves office, someone else steps in;
presidents come and go, the presidency stays
Bureaucracy
A system of inter-related roles; a formal organization.
The most evolved type of organization
Authority
A property of a bureaucratic role. The exercise of authority is normal,
ethical, and legal proper.
Big difference between power and authority
Legitimate
In a just society, all laws are legitimate. In an unjust society, a law is
legitimate only if it is perceived as just, necessary, and ethical.
If a law is just, it is legitimate (legal)
We break traffic laws all the time because we don’t see the law as legitimate
or hurting anybody
If a law is legitimate, people want to obey it
If a law enforcement officer is seen as legitimate, people want to cooperate
with that officer
Power
Whereas authority accrues to the bureaucratic role (or office), power accrues
to the role-player (or office-holder). Whereas the exercise of authority is
legitimate (and legal), the exercise of power is illegitimate (and illegal).
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