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Study Guide

# DANCE 3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 97 pages long!)

Department
Dance
Course Code
DANCE 3
Professor
Kelli Sharp
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
DANCE 3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 2
What is research?
Systematic investigation, including research development, testing, and evaluation, designed to
develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge
A process of steps to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or
issue
o Pose a question
o Collect data to answer the Q
o Present an answer to the Q
Historical Approaches to Solving Problems
Common sense or common knowledge
Proclamations of authority
Birth of Logic
Deductive Reasoning
Logical thinking utilizes one or more general assumptions
E.g.
o Premise 1: All foot injuries are painful
o Premise 2: Sally has an injured foot
o Conclusion: Sally’s foot is painful
Inductive reasoning
o Logical argument in which one or more specific premises lead to a general conclusion
o E.g. Premise: Every bird that I have seen has wings
Conclusion: All birds have wings
The Scientific Method
Understanding the problem or topic
Identify the research Q or problem
Formulating the one or more hypotheses
Planning the methodology for the study
Collecting the data
Analyzing the day with statistical methods
Interpreting the results
Deriving conclusions from the results
Understanding the Problem or Topic
Through understanding of the topic
Literature search on previous work

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Identify the research Q or Problem
Independent Variable: Variable under study
Dependent Variable: Variable being measured on order to study the effect of the independent
variable
o (e.g. how does sleep deprivation affect motor performance)