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Study Guide

EDUC 108- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 54 pages long!)


Department
Education
Course Code
EDUC 108
Professor
Hansen
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
EDUC 108
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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Adolescent Development in Education: Introduction:
Romeo and Juliet: Prototypical Adolescents?
-Ruled by desires; passionate
-Rebelling against their parents
-Fell in love at first sight; nobody can understand the depth of their love; personal fable
-Considered adults in their society (during the time, no such thing as adolescents)
Adolescence is…
-The period after puberty begins and before adult roles are taken on
-A fairly new term, coming into common usage in the early 20th century
-Culturally constructed (what it means to be an adult)
Adolescence means many things, including:
-The definition depends on which lens/ perspective you are putting on it
Dimension:
-Biological (onset of puberty - capable of sexual reproduction)
-Emotional (parent detachment - attain separate identity)
-Cognitive (advanced reasoning - consolidation of advanced reasoning)
-Interpersonal (shift from parents to peers - intimacy with peers)
-Educational (entrance to junior high - completion of schooling)
-Legal (attain juvenile status - attain majority status) (status offenses)
-Cultural (enter rite of passage - complete rite of passage)
G. Stanley Hall: Key Ideas:
-first American psychologist, founder of APA
Child study movement:
-Research to better the lives of children and adolescents; children have certain
developmental needs at certain periods of time
-Founder of the study of adolescence and wrote the first textbook on adolescence (1904)
-Recapitulation:
Development of an individual re-enacts evolution of human species (throughout
growth) - flawed, but advanced the idea of growth stages
-Storm and Stress:
Upheaval and disorder is a normal part of adolescent development - believed this
upheaval was biologically based
The Storm and Stress Debate:
-Is a period of intense conflict between the adolescent and family not only normative, but a
requirement for healthy development?
Adolescence:
From Hall’s Time to Our Time:
-Intense conflict is not normative nor is it necessary for healthy development
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-Puberty/ physical maturation (particularly females) has declined steadily over the past 100
years.
-Later acceptance of adult roles
-When do adult roles and responsibilities begin and what happens in the meantime?
Emerging Adulthood:
-The age of
identity exploration (who am I) - still refining your identity, with a wider range of options available
Instability (am I going to find an apartment) - haven’t quite established definitive ends
Self-focus (am I going to like moving away to study) - what you like/ what works for you
feeling in-between (am I really an adult now)
Possibilities - haven’t closed major doors, still exploring/ seeking
Adolescent Development: Biological Transitions:
-The word puberty comes from the Latin word “pubescere” which means to grow hair
The endocrine System:
-Hypothalamus: hormonal changes begin here
-gradually increases production of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
-recent evidence indicated that this occurs once a threshold level of body fat is reached
-fat cell produce leptin that provide signals to the hypothalamus
-Hypothalamus monitors the levels of androgens and estrogens in the bloodstream (males and
females possess both of these)
-View figure from slide
-Set point:
-When sex hormones reach an optimal level and the hypothalamus reduces production
of sex hormones
Physical Changes of Puberty:
Adolescent Growth Spurt:
-Rapid acceleration in growth (height and weight)
-Simultaneous release of growth hormones, thyroid hormones, and androgens
-Peak height velocity (time that adolescent is growing most quickly)
-Asynchronicity: gangly look
-Girls begin puberty around age 11 on average, as early as 10 and complete around 15
-Boys begin puberty around age 14 on average, and complete around 17
Muscle Mass and Body Fat:
-Up until puberty, boys and girls look very similar
-Females lay down more fat (child-bearing reasons), while males lay down more muscle
More Physical Changes in Puberty:
-Development of secondary sex characteristics
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