All Vocab words from Weeks 1-3 for Midterm

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Emily Rosenberg

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Triangle Shirtwaist Company- It was an important company located in New York City in the early 1900s in which adult and teen females would work long and tedious hours in horrible working conditions for little pay. The Triangle Shirtwaist Company experienced a fire starting from a cigarette, killing nearly 150 workers who were trapped. It called the government to enforce labor policies regulating labor and working conditions. Political machines- Political machines were organizations created by politicians to guarantee their winning in elections through legal and illegal means. Politicians paid the immigrants to vote for them in a certain way. The politicians would win the loyalty of immigrant voters by helping immigrants find jobs and by providing them food, fuel, and clothing. “Combine” farming machine- The combine farming machine was a machine used for farming in the early twentieth century. It significantly increased the food capacity because farmers could grow and market more food. The farmers became more prosperous because the price of food decreased, making more people able to afford it. Wright Brothers (Orville and Wilbur)- The Wright Brothers were two Americans who experimented with flight in North Carolina during the early 1900s. They invented the first flying machine, a glider kite. They were credited with inventing and building the world’s first successful airplane. It began the evolution of air flight, allowing people to fly long distances. “Jim Crow” laws- The Jim Crow laws were a set of laws in the early twentieth century passed by southern states legalizing the separation of blacks and whites for all public facilities. It mandated that there would be no contact between whites and African Americans. It also placed tests and poll taxes denying African Americans the right to vote. If there were any resistance, the person would be punished by the lynch law. The Jim Crow laws was a way for the whites to control racial others. Telephone- The telephone was invented in the early 1900s, but in 1920, it became more accessible for people. It changed how people communicated with others. It allowed people to contact one another quicker than through letters sent in the mail. Indian Boarding Schools- Indian boarding schools were created by the government in the early twentieth century. The government did not want children growing up to be Indians, so they established boarding schools and took children from the reservations to raise them. They ended up losing their Indian language and cultural traditions. The children were refused to have contact with parents and relatives and refused to speak their native language. They were to dress like Englishmen and to only speak English. Buffalo killing- Buffalos were slaughtered by the whites in the early 1900s. The Indians in the area could not be prosperous from the buffalos because it was the basis for living. By destroying the herds, the whites were able to control the people dependent on the buffalos. Henry Ford and Ford Motor Company- Henry Ford created the Ford Motor Company in the early 1900s. In the 1890s, Ford invented the first automobile, revolutionizing American life. The automobiles allowed people to go further distances without having to take breaks for the horses and the streets were cleaner. Ford also started the assembly line for mass production. It allowed companies to produce more of an item, lowering the cost and more people would be able to afford the item. War of 1898 (sometimes called the Spanish-American War)- The War of 1898 was also called the Spanish-American War in which the Americans fought against the Spanish. It was the high point of the United States’ attempts to develop an empire on the European model. It sparked a debate centering on the issues of nation and race. The Americans took control of Spanish colonies, giving them imperial power. There was debates about whether the US should control an overseas empire. Philippine War / Philippine War of 1898-1902- The Philippine War was a war that lasted from 1898 to 1902 in which and Americans fought against Filipinos who wanted independence. The war gave the United States imperial power. American males would join the soldiers to go fight in the Philippines. There were people protesting whether taking the Philippines as a colony in order to control an overseas empire was a good idea or not. Assassination of William McKinley- President William McKinley was shot twice in 1901 in New York by an anarchist. With his assassination, the Progressive Era, a time for movements for reform, began. McKinley’s vice president Teddy Roosevelt became president. He was a reformer and Republicans feared that he would direct the country in an activist direction. So-called “New Immigration”- The “new immigration” was the time period in the beginning of the twentieth century when Southern and Eastern immigrants came to the United States. They did not look anything like the Europeans from the “old immigration” period, thus challenging the ideas of what an American is. Most of them did not speak English nor were they Protestants. They arrived to the United States in search of better wa
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