Triangle Shirtwaist Company- It was an important company located in New York City in the early
1900s in which adult and teen females would work long and tedious hours in horrible working
conditions for little pay. The Triangle Shirtwaist Company experienced a fire starting from a
cigarette, killing nearly 150 workers who were trapped. It called the government to enforce labor
policies regulating labor and working conditions.
Political machines- Political machines were organizations created by politicians to guarantee
their winning in elections through legal and illegal means. Politicians paid the immigrants to vote
for them in a certain way. The politicians would win the loyalty of immigrant voters by helping
immigrants find jobs and by providing them food, fuel, and clothing.
“Combine” farming machine- The combine farming machine was a machine used for farming in
the early twentieth century. It significantly increased the food capacity because farmers could
grow and market more food. The farmers became more prosperous because the price of food
decreased, making more people able to afford it.
Wright Brothers (Orville and Wilbur)- The Wright Brothers were two Americans who
experimented with flight in North Carolina during the early 1900s. They invented the first flying
machine, a glider kite. They were credited with inventing and building the world’s first successful
airplane. It began the evolution of air flight, allowing people to fly long distances.
“Jim Crow” laws- The Jim Crow laws were a set of laws in the early twentieth century passed
by southern states legalizing the separation of blacks and whites for all public facilities. It
mandated that there would be no contact between whites and African Americans. It also placed
tests and poll taxes denying African Americans the right to vote. If there were any resistance,
the person would be punished by the lynch law. The Jim Crow laws was a way for the whites to
control racial others.
Telephone- The telephone was invented in the early 1900s, but in 1920, it became more
accessible for people. It changed how people communicated with others. It allowed people to
contact one another quicker than through letters sent in the mail.
Indian Boarding Schools- Indian boarding schools were created by the government in the early
twentieth century. The government did not want children growing up to be Indians, so they
established boarding schools and took children from the reservations to raise them. They ended
up losing their Indian language and cultural traditions. The children were refused to have
contact with parents and relatives and refused to speak their native language. They were to
dress like Englishmen and to only speak English.
Buffalo killing- Buffalos were slaughtered by the whites in the early 1900s. The Indians in the
area could not be prosperous from the buffalos because it was the basis for living. By destroying
the herds, the whites were able to control the people dependent on the buffalos.
Henry Ford and Ford Motor Company- Henry Ford created the Ford Motor Company in the early
1900s. In the 1890s, Ford invented the first automobile, revolutionizing American life. The
automobiles allowed people to go further distances without having to take breaks for the horses
and the streets were cleaner. Ford also started the assembly line for mass production. It allowed
companies to produce more of an item, lowering the cost and more people would be able to
afford the item. War of 1898 (sometimes called the Spanish-American War)- The War of 1898 was also called
the Spanish-American War in which the Americans fought against the Spanish. It was the high
point of the United States’ attempts to develop an empire on the European model. It sparked a
debate centering on the issues of nation and race. The Americans took control of Spanish
colonies, giving them imperial power. There was debates about whether the US should control
an overseas empire.
Philippine War / Philippine War of 1898-1902- The Philippine War was a war that lasted from
1898 to 1902 in which and Americans fought against Filipinos who wanted independence. The
war gave the United States imperial power. American males would join the soldiers to go fight in
the Philippines. There were people protesting whether taking the Philippines as a colony in
order to control an overseas empire was a good idea or not.
Assassination of William McKinley- President William McKinley was shot twice in 1901 in New
York by an anarchist. With his assassination, the Progressive Era, a time for movements for
reform, began. McKinley’s vice president Teddy Roosevelt became president. He was a
reformer and Republicans feared that he would direct the country in an activist direction.
So-called “New Immigration”- The “new immigration” was the time period in the beginning of the
twentieth century when Southern and Eastern immigrants came to the United States. They did
not look anything like the Europeans from the “old immigration” period, thus challenging the
ideas of what an American is. Most of them did not speak English nor were they Protestants.
They arrived to the United States in search of better wa