Progressive- umbrella term for a host of changes demanded largely by the middle class to rein in the worst abuses of the industrial age. Started with wanting to clean up the nations cities: worked to create more democratic political process, worked to create more government regulation of industry. Social gospel movement- early twentieth century protestant- inspired movement advocating widespread reforms to curb the worst abuses of the industrial revolution: women movement-many were now well-educated. Very active in the progressive era: reforming the cities. Urban population was growing and cities couldn"t provide basic services for all the people. Settlement houses- safe residences in poor neighborhoods where reformers could study local conditions and where residents could hold meetings and receive free health care. Hull house- second but most renowned settlement house in the u. s. its residents lobbied the government to pass better construction and safety laws to improve conditions in the surrounding tenement.