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POL SCI 61A- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 58 pages long!)


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL SCI 61A
Professor
Davin Phoenix
Study Guide
Midterm

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UC-Irvine
POL SCI 61A
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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Introduction to Race and Ethnicity
LECTURE 4/4
Reflections of the personal significance of race in your own life
We learn from our own experiences and experiences of others
Example: My racial timeline
Davin Phoenix…
Grew up in Hampton, grew up with a strict, racial black/white paradigm pushed
upon him from an early age, 50/50 black and white, stereotypes pushed upon
him based off his race.
Moved to Lompoc, different racial orders pushed upon him, such as Latino and
Asian
The Fresh Prince of Bel Air was one of the representations of race he looked at,
yet he was a nerd, and didn’t fit the stereotypes of the black community, making
him feel not fully black.
Human Beings are instinctively inclined to categorize, and to box people into
groups.
The Power of Groups
The Power of Groups stems in large part from the power of categories.
NPR Study with babies
Showed them a picture of a cat, and registered that the brain waves of the
baby were high, and then continued to show pictures of cats until brain
waves wore off because the baby had categorized the cat as the same as the
previous ones. The baby had categorized the cat!
This happens with groups of people as well.
We tend to look for other people with our own interests, values.
Categorizing plays key roles within our cognitive functions, it gives us a
sense of meaning and a sense of belonging.
The truth is… Humans don’t want to be alone!
Grouping others helps us attach order to a complex and seemingly chaotic world
and allow us to rationalize and justify outcomes
There are many disparities and unfair outcomes in this world, and many
times we try to explain why these unfair outcomes are really not fair.
Ex: Gender Wage Gap:
Across racial groups Women make 77%
People use this number to display gender inequality, yet there are
many arguments against this.
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People try to argue by showing that the fundamental
differences between groups are to blame: Women bear
children, are more likely to take leave etc… yet should we
really pay them less because of this?
We are the 99% (photo from the slide)
People’s justifications come from their opinions on the
certain groups, how are you characterizing other groups and
how are you characterizing yourself?
Grouping others helps us approximate higher order thinking
Scholars of public opinion and political science have been dismayed on
how knowledge voters are!
Group Cue: Based off how one group is siding, you make your
decision off of that…
Ex: If the insurance company is for a law, then most people
will be against it because they don’t trust insurance
companies.
Group cues help us make the decisions that we would normally
make if we had all the information
Yet it is dangerous if we don’t have all of the information on a group
Early milestone of cognitive development: perception of self as subject and object
As a baby, you think you are the only person in the world, yet you soon
realize that people see you differently than you see yourself.
Once you realize this, you start caring about other people’s perceptions of
you.
Strong tendency to conform to the norms of social in-groups
On the first day, Dr. Phoenix is dressing in a suit to establish himself as the
authority figure.
Humans are constantly redefining ourselves to match other people’s
expectations.
Ex: Asch Conformity Experiment: it proves that we have a tendency to
conform because we don’t want the feeling of isolation and don’t want to
be an outlier
Think about these ideas as we discuss race and ethnicity in the course!!!
Racial Schemas: When you don’t have all of the information of an item, yet try to paint a
full picture. Used to personify groups of people where you don’t have much interaction
with. We take a piece of the puzzle to make it the whole puzzle
Asian-Americans as the “Model Minority,” yet has consequences
It washes over those who haven’t reached economic success. Their poverty
rates are consistent with the national average.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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