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[PSY BEH 11A] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (24 pages long!)


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 11A
Professor
Bruce Berg
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
PSY BEH 11A
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PSB 11A LECTURE 2&3 4/03/15
Scientific Method
Rationalism-acquisition through thought and reasoning. Follows rules of
logic and argumentation
Empiricism-Acquisition of knowledge through direct experience
Self-correcting method for acquiring knowledge
Data-Theory Loop-Theory-deduction-data-induction-theory
Most of us have some stereotype that is resistant to external
evidence(large hummer driving down the street, you get a little bit scared.
We rely on an outside source to obtain information that changes our
thoughts
Make decision based on intuition
Make arguments to prove a point
Seek feedback about a decision
Multiple perspectives are needed to understand complex behaviors
Possible explanations for violent behavior
Biological: Neurological disorder
Social: Peer pressure or family influence
Cultural: Machismo
Cognitive: Poor anger management
Media: Violent programming
Evolution: Innate characteristic
Thales "father of science"
Didn’t have any precursors to help him like Einstein did
Predicted total eclipse of the sun
Determined the number of days in a year
• Anaximander
Found stones with fossils of sea creatures determined that the
mountain he was walking on used to be under the ocean
Determined that animals originally came form the sea
• Democritus
Proposed atomistic universe
There becomes a point when atoms can't divide anymore
Matter in made up of small particles
• Aristarchos
Proposed a solar system and the distance to the sun
Helped Thales determine solar eclipse
Found that planets circle around the sun
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• Hippocrates
Father of medicine
Before him thought illness was caused by the gods
Found that illness has a rational and physical explanation
We get diseases by natural causes
Mystic Philosophers changed the way people we thinking for some time
No one was doing science anymore
Golden Age of Faith
• Augustine
Knowledge through divine intervention
Age of Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution
• Copernicus
Founder of modern astronomy
Put sun as center of solar system and other plants orbit the sun
Before Earth was thought to be the center of the solar system
•Galileo
Discovered a moon around Saturn
Threatened when he reported his findings because the solar system
would fall apart because it would not be a perfect seven planets as
seven was a magic number for them
• Bruno
First martyr of the scientific revolution
Stars will simply distant suns
The universe was infinite
Scientific Method
Principles of Science
Public Verifiable
Peer review
Replicable results
Solvable Problems
Determinism
Operationalize concepts
Systematic Observations
Valid experimental design
• Causality
If X cases A then
A follows X(directionality problem)
A changes as X changes(nonlinear relationship)
If X then A, if not X then not A(third variable problem)
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