Get 2 days of premium access
Study Guides (380,000)
US (220,000)
UC-Irvine (3,000)
PSY BEH (200)
Study Guide

[PSY BEH 11B] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 24 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 11B
Professor
Linda Levine
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 24 pages of the document.
UC-Irvine
PSY BEH 11B
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Attachment
What is attachment?
1. A strong, enduring emotional bond formed between two people
Separation Anxiety
1. Child experiences anxiety when separated from caregiver
Why do attachment bonds grow?
1. Ethology
a. Study of animal behavior in natural environments
2. Survival(imprint), reinforcement(food), psychological comfort (Harlow’s experiment; this
is the monkey experiment)
John Bowlby
1. Findings
a. Children with prolonged separations / disruptions in their relationship with their
mother were poorly affected and had difficulty relating to others
Bowlby’s theory
1. Caregivers = secure base from which infants can explore
2. All infants for attachments to caregivers
a. Quality of Internal Working Models varies
Bowlby and Ainsworth
1. Bowlby
a. Virtually all infants form attachments
2. Ainsworth
a. Identified different types of attachment relationships
i. Strange situation
Strange Situation
1. Parent and baby enter room
2. Parent watches baby play
3. Stranger comes in and parent leaves
4. Parent returns and offers comfort; stranger leaves
5. Parent leaves; stranger returns and offers comfort
6. Parent returns and offers comfort
Behavior used to assess attachment style
1. Amount of exploration
2. Child’s reaction to caregiver’s departure
3. Reaction to their return
Ainsworth’s attachment styles
1. Securely attached
a. Sees when parent is there and is upset when they leave; happy to see parent
back
2. Avoidant
a. Distant when parent is present; distressed when parent leaves; ignores parent
3. Resistant
a. Infant is clingy; resists separation and becomes distressed; angry reaction when
parent comes back
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

4. Disorganized
a. Inconsistent behavior; doesn’t respond when parent is here or not
Origins of Attachment Styles
1. Different experiences with caregivers
a. Edward Tronick’s “Still Face” experiment
i. Infants are very sensitive to responsiveness and to lack of
responsiveness of caregivers
2. Infant temperament
a. Sociability, irritability, level of activity, wariness about unfamiliar event
3. Cultural differences
a. USA
i. 20% avoidant; ~65% secure, ~12% resistant
b. Germany
i. ~35% avoidant, ~58% secure, ~9% resistant
c. Japan
i. ~3-4% avoidant, ~69% secure, ~28% resistant
Childhood
1. Children = secure …
a. Positive emotional expressions
b. More friends and close relationships
c. Helping behaviors
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version