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PSY BEH 150C Study Guide - Spring 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Psychology, Psychotherapy, Rapport


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 150C
Professor
Zalta
Study Guide
Final

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PSY BEH 150C

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Lecture 1
Empathy is a way of understanding another person by “stepping into another’s shoes.” You
actively are understanding what the other person is feeling to the extent that you almost feel like
you are experiencing what they are experiencing. Sympathy is less intense, and is simply feeling
“bad” for the other person, understanding that they are struggling but not actually feeling their
pain within yourself. To show someone empathy, you should actively be listening to them and
engaged in the conversation, don’t interrupt when they are speaking, and offer advice and words
of encouragement to their situation. I feel that you know when someone shows you empathy
after things like them sharing their own experience in a situation similar to your own. Also when
they seem to mirror your emotions. Asking permission, what they need in the moment, is a great
tool to use to show your empathy to someone.
As a clinical psychologist, you want to get inside of someone else’s experience and help them in
this way. Empathy is a core foundation for this.
*Check the Syllabus for the schedule
Clinical Psychology
- APA Division 12
- “... integrates science, theory, and practice to understand… maladjustment,
disability, and discomfort…” *Check the online slides for full quotation
- Many different ways to approach topics, and we want to be the people
who help others flourish and thrive, not to just “get over” a period of
discomfort
- Goals of Clinical Psychology
- Integrate science and practice
- Idea is that science and practice should talk to each other in order to
further the field
- Apply integrated knowledge
- Alleviate suffering and promote health
- Requirements of Clinical Psychologists
- PhD or PsyD from accredited program
- Clinical internship
- Oftentimes will do a postdoctoral fellowship
- Become licensed in your state (EPPP is national)
- You should have a good character!
- Clinicians should know and follow APA Ethics Code
- Continue to learn throughout your career
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- The field is constantly evolving
- Treatment
- Many different types
- Usually individual, but also family, group, etc
- Some psychologists will focus on prevention at a community level
- Helps to promote flourishing and such
- Also the medical field is getting very adept at prevention, so we as
psychologists want to do a similar thing for mental health
- Assessment
- Diagnose problematic behavior
- Describe personality characteristics
- Use information above to select the proper treatment for a specific individual
- Assess the treatment progress
- Provide information in a legal setting
- Things like forensics
- Research
- Area that distinguishes clinical psychologist from many other practitioners
- Varies greatly: lab v clinic, basic science v applied science…
- How to evaluate research, clinical trials, how these help inform the interventions
we select
- Research among the three most important criteria for graduate school admission
- Most clinicians don’t want to do research, but should be capable of conducting
research
- Critically evaluate literature
- Supervise students in research
- In community agencies, evaluate agencies’ programs
- Critically evaluate success of their own treatments
- Administration
- University administration
- DCT
- Community health or hospitals…
- Independent practice and academia is the most common place to find psychologists, but
also in hospitals, managed care, business and government...
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