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[PSY BEH 170S] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (56 pages long!)


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 170S
Professor
Joanne Zinger
Study Guide
Final

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UC-Irvine
PSY BEH 170S
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Chapter 1 & 3 Lecture
Tuesday, September 27, 2016
1:59 PM
Term Paper
Write your own psychological life history
Describe 3-4 psychological theories
Tell your life story
o Basic demographic info
o Themes that dominate/shape your life
o Life parables - important events
o Personality in context of theories above
o Results from personality tests taken in class
Intro Activity
Imagine you are meeting a new person for the first time
Write down a YES or NO question that you could ask that person in order to get to know them
better
The Goals of Personality Psychology
What is personality?
An individual's characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior, together with the
psychological mechanisms - hidden or not - behind those patterns
Personality psychologists are supposed to assemble an integrated view of whole, functioning
individuals in their daily environment
Basic Approaches
i-clicker question
o Do you think humans are simple or complex?
COMPLEX
Can't account for everything all at once
o Limit to certain observations, patterns
o Systematic limitations (paradigm)
Several basic approaches
o Trait - how people differ psychologically and how they might be conceptualized, measured,
and followed over time
VIDEO -
O - openness
C - conscientiousness
E - extraversion
Need stimulation
Internal - caffeine
External - people
black and white, concrete, simple
A - agreeableness
N - neuroticism
o Biological - anatomy, physiology, genetics, and even evolution in how they're relevant for
personality
o Psychoanalytic - unconscious mind (Freudian approach) & nature and resolution of internal
unconscious conflict.
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Freud - we are all exposed to important events, and they inform the moment-to-
moment recreation of ourselves. Occurs even before we were able to form memories.
Unconscious XP influence your habits, behaviors, and ?
o Phenomenological - conscious experience, construals of the world
o Learning and cognitive
Classic Behaviorists - overt behavior (rewards and punishments)
Social Learning Theory - observation and self-eval; we learn behavior by watching
others
Cognitive Theorists - perception, memory, and thought
Complement vs Compete
The approaches complement each other because each of them address a different set of
questions about human psychology, so they're looking at different pieces of the puzzle.
Hiring manage - trait (comparing different individuals)
Teenager acting out - behavioral (rewards and punishments)
Different concerns, different awpproaches
o Pick the paradigm that best addresses that aspect/issue
Advantages as Disadvantages (and vice versa)
Funder's first law - great strengths are usually great weaknesses, and surprisingly often, the
opposite is true as well.
Strengths as weaknesses in personality
o Broad mandate to account for psych of the whole person
o Can lead to unfocused research
The same goes for you!
o Is your strength ever a problem?
o Any benefits for your weaknesses?
o Really want to lose all your weaknesses?
Personality Tests (Chapter 3)
We learn about people by measuring their personalities
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
One of the most widely used tests
Designed for use in clinical assessment of individuals with psych difficulties
Also been widely used for employment screening
Projective Tests
Inkblot test
Meaningless, ambiguous stimulus, so the answer given must be telling you something about that
person (maybe their unconscious self)
Psychodynamic approach
Two tests with at least some validity
o The TAT: Measures implicit motives concerning achievement, intimacy, power, etc (things
they are unaware of)
o Rorschach: Ink blot test
A useful function - breaking the ice
Objective Tests
Asking straightforward questions where they are answering based on conscious knowledge.
Tests that consist of a list of questions to be answered by yes/no or true/false or a numeric scale
Often used with computer score-able answers
Methods to be used
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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