Review for Midterm 1 - Prologue
1. Wilhelm Wundt conducted what many consider psychology's first experiment. Hi s laboratory work
involved experimental studies of
A) animal intelligence. C) learning and memory.
B) personality development. D) reactions to sensory stimulation.
2. Looking inward and reporting your immediate sensations, images, and feelings is called
A) cognitiveneuroscience. B) introspection. C) behaviorism. D) humanism.
3. The young science of psychology developed from the more established fields of philosophy and
A) economics. B) biology. C) geography. D) sociology.
4. In its early years, psychology focused on the study of ________, but from the 1920s into the 1960s,
American psychologists emphasized the study of ________.
A) environmental influences; hereditary influences
B) maladaptive behavior; adaptive behavior
C) unconscious motives; conscious thoughts and feelings
D) mental life; observable behavior
5. In the early 1960s, the cognitive revolution in psychology involved a renewal of interest in the scientific
A) mental processes. C) unconscious motives.
B) hereditary influences. D) learned behaviors.
6. Cognitive neurosciencestudies relationships between
A) natural selection and genetic predispositions.
B) childhood memories and psychological disorders.
C) thought processes and brain functions.
D) philosophy and physiology.
7. Efforts to discover whether the intelligence of children is more heavily influenced by their biology or by
their home environments are most directly relevant to the debate regarding
A) structuralism versus functionalism. C) observation versus introspection.
B) evolution versus natural selection. D) nature versus nurture.
8. The neuroscience perspective in psychology would be most likely to emphasize that behavior is
A) environmental circumstances. C) unconscious conflicts.
B) blood chemistry. D)