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PSYCH 140C- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 25 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 140C
Professor
Michael Lee
Study Guide
Midterm

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UC-Irvine
PSYCH 140C
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Long term memory
Varying concepts/ideas are connected as they are semantically related
o Street->car->bus->fire engine…
o Associative network
o Griffiths et al (07)
Compares the way Google searches the web and the way the mind searches an
associative semantic network
Google searches through a link searching process
Large semantic network created from word association norms
o De Groot (65,66): Expert and novice memory in chess
Expertise is based on representational chunking
See patterns and structures that novices cannot see in realistic chess
settings
o Chase and Simon (73): Representational Chunking and Expertise
Abilities of chess masters, advanced players, beginners to learn to reconstruct
realistic and random config.
Better players reconstructed better and learned faster only for realistic
configs.
o Long exposures = better representation capacity
Rationale of Forgetting
Perfect memories can sometimes work against other cognitive functions
o A perfect memory counteracts generalization and inductive reasoning
o A perfect memory is not helpful for the goals of prospective memory
Need probabilities
o The probability you will need info being related to its probability and speed of retrival
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Lecture 3
The way you perceive things depends on the context you place them in (categorical perception)
Context and Phoneme Perception
o Warren and Warren (1970)
People reported hearing different words depending on the context regardless of
the similarity of the word
o Lisker and Abramson (1970)
The pereptio of  ad ps across the continuum of different possible delays
“all, sharp tie differee etee hearig  ad p
People perceiving the difference as a sharp change when the change is
actually very smooth
o Goldstone (1994)
Learned categorical perception
Affects subsequent perception
Initially do a categorical test (cat. A, cat. B), experience learned
categorical perception, redo categorical test with effects of learned
categorical perception affecting how different you perceive the
categories
Embodiment and Action
o Embodiment Thesis: Part of the way cognition works depends on the nature and shape
of our bodies and nature and shape of our environment; bodies, environments, and the
interactions between them matter in cognitive development
o Vikers 99: ‘eatio of a sea reatures atios toards tep. hages; deep
cognitive action/reaction/behavior in response to the environment
o “ios 99: Ats respose to the eah is solel a respose to the eiroet, ot
a deep cognitive reaction; the environment produces behavior, it doest oe fro the
brain/mind
Embodied Cognition
o Comp. Sci.: Robotics and article life approaches that avoid building complicated mental
representations into intelligent robots
o Philosophy
o Psychology
o Linguistics: Cognitive linguistics describes how spatial metaphors provide a basis for
uderstadig laguage i.e. the ord oer aptures differet spatial metaphors
relating landmarks and trajectory)
Case Study Involving Embodied Cognition
o Ho do e thik aout thigs that aret eperiees pereptuall? I.e. astrat ideas
like loe, truth, justie, tie…
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