Explain public health’s role in the prevention of terrorism.
-crashing plane 9/11: emergency plan; secondary prevention: minimizing damage &
tertiary prevention: providing medical care to those injured in the disaster
-mitigate the effects of obvious disasters and in recognizing and controlling the more
insidious effects of bioterrorism
Chapter 2: Why Is Public Health Controversial?
Define the mission of public health.
-fulfilling society’s interest in assuring conditions in which people can be healthy
Explain public health’s history with social reform.
-19th century reformers pushed for sanitary science and public hygiene, improved
housing, trade unions, abolition of child labor, maternal & child health, temperance
-conservatives resist broad vision of public health, starve govt of funds for healthcare for
Identify the economic impact of public health efforts.
-most ph measures have negative economic impact of some segment of popul
-industries resist ph efforts
-ex.: tobacco harmful to health and causes millions in medical causes annually but only
has minor restrictions because it is a major industry in the South, supporting jobs and
providing profits for tobacco companies
List examples of government regulations that protect the environment.
-restrictions on timber harvesting in the pacific northwest are regularly under attack bc
they maybe cost jobs in the lumber industry although they may preserve job in the fishing
and tourist industries & contribute to long term stable climate
Articulate reasons why restrictions on individual behavior are acceptable.
-sometimes it causes direct harms to others
-sometimes the individual harms themselves (seatbelt laws).
-tragedy of the commons: indirect harm to others (air, water, and environment ppl share)
Summarize the moral and religious opposition to public health measures.
-Religious oppositions-mostly when it confronts sexual and reproductive issues: sexed in
schools and contraceptives -> opposed by religious groups who believe they promote
-Moralism- alcohol and drug policies -> argued by libertarians who believe alcohol and
drug consumption is private behave and doesn’t effect others
-could interfere with scientists studying how to prevent HIV
Illustrate ways that the federal government has manipulated the release of scientific
-Geroge bush admin distort scientific evidence to fit political agenda: global warming
-pressure for CDC to remove information on sex education and replace evidence of
effectiveness for condoms for effectiveness of abstinence and failure rate of condoms.