PUBHLTH 127 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Obesity, Health Promotion, Diabetes Mellitus

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Published on 12 Oct 2018
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PUBHLTH 127
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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CHAPTER 1: Australia
OVERVIEW: By international standards, Australia is a very healthy country (please see table
demographic and economic indicator table)
• Major health issues include obesity, diabetes and ineffective past prevention programs (medical
model) wellness paradigm was slow
• Inequality of life expectancy is an issue with the indigenous population reporting a life
expectancy of seventeen years lower than non- indigenous population
The National Preventative Health Taskforce (2008) identified smoking, obesity, alcohol,
physical inactivity and poor diet
These issues, associated with high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol, cause 32%
Additional concerns are aging, cancer, diabetes, driving accidents, and mental health
HEALTHCARE:
- covered by combo of public health (medicare) and private
- tax levy of 1.5% and threshold income level
- Many large orgs have to be self-insured
CULTURE and MENTALITY:
- Mateship: code of conduct (equality and friendship)
- Healthy lifestyle = putting yourself above rest of the group
- Outcome: peer pressure to engage in negative health behaviors
- Settlers faced greater hardships and had to support each other to survive
DRIVERS OF WORKPLACE HEALTH PROMOTION:
- Employers no responsibility for employee health insurance
- Employees: pay worker’s compensation for premiums or self-insured
- TRADITIONAL DRIVER: occupational health and safety legislation
- Emphasis has been on safety
- Issue of psychological injury = ignored
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- Models include:
- Health belief model
- Locus of control theory (self- efficacy)
- Theories are used for programs to promote behavior change
HEALTH PROMOTION PROGRAMS (HPP)
- Dr. Brian Furnass: “The Magic Bullet: The Social Implications and Limitations of
Modern Medicine”
- Insurance companies sold health programs to businesses
- Ex. The Victorian Work Health Program: gov. funded program, + health checks for
employees
- Ex. Australian Unity (national health financial services and retirement living
organization): example of program
- Ex. Queensland Department of Education: for employees, programs for prevention
- Ex. Greenslopes Privates Hospital in Brisbane: accredited by WHO
- Ex. Blue Care Organization (in cooperation with Central Queensland University)
staff wellness program: promotes a lifestyle wellness journey
- Ex. The Queensland University of Technology Wellness Matters Program: Just
Walk it Program
OUTCOMES AND INDICATORS:
- Successful HPP’s have reduced trauma, smoking, cancers, and heart disease rates
- Consistent, government support
- HHP’s are readily cancelled in financial downturns
EXISITING RESEARCH:
- limited gov. funding for research
- reliance on overseas information to advance HP
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Document Summary

Covered by combo of public health (medicare) and private. Tax levy of 1. 5% and threshold income level. Many large orgs have to be self-insured: culture and mentality: Mateship: code of conduct (equality and friendship) Healthy lifestyle = putting yourself above rest of the group. Outcome: peer pressure to engage in negative health behaviors. Settlers faced greater hardships and had to support each other to survive: drivers of workplace health promotion: Employers no responsibility for employee health insurance. Employees: pay worker"s compensation for premiums or self-insured. Traditional driver: occupational health and safety legislation. Theories are used for programs to promote behavior change: health promotion programs (hpp) Dr. brian furnass: the magic bullet: the social implications and limitations of. Insurance companies sold health programs to businesses. The victorian work health program: gov. funded program, + health checks for employees. Australian unity (national health financial services and retirement living organization): example of program. Queensland department of education: for employees, programs for prevention.

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