[PUBHLTH 2] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (17 pages long)

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7 Feb 2017
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PUBHLTH 2
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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6"step"Analysis"
In"the"1990's"preschool"aged"Nepali"children"experienced"severe"vitamin"
A"deficiency"associated"with"blindness"and"risk"of"child"death"
1.
With"intervention"programs,"blindness"due"to"vitamin"a"deficiency"in"
nepali"children"had"significantly"decreased"by"2000"
2.
Vitamin"A"deficiency"was"mainly"due"to"lack"of"proper"diet"in"Nepal"and"
the"nepali"government"needed"to"reduce"child"mortality"and"morbidity"
related"to"vitamin"A"deficiency"with"intervention"and"PH"action
3.
In"1993,"nepali"government"officials"initiated"the"National"vitamin"A"
program"with"ISAID/UNICEF"by"providing"vitamin"A"capsules"to"Nepali"
children
4.
Efficient-cost"was"highly"considered"in"the"vitamin"A"program,"which"the"
cost"of"delivering"two"rounds"of"vitamin"A"per"yr."to"be"about"$1.25"per"
child
5.
Nepal's"Vitamin"A"program"significantly"reduced"and"prevented"
blindness"in"children"and"mortality"rate"between"1995"and"2000
6.
Vitamin"A"Deficiency
Lack"of"Vitamin"A"causes"blindness"in"children"and"night"blindness"In"
pregnant"women,"and"increase"risk"of"infant"and"maternal"mortality
A"problem"for"more"than"half"of"the"global"population"with"more"than"
1/5"of"affected"children"from"developing"countries
Prevention"of"vitamin"A"deficiency"through"nutrition:"regulate"
consumption"of"foods"with"vitamin"A"including"carrots,"spinach"and"
other"green"leafy"vegetables;"animal"products"(i.e.,"eggs,"milk,"and"liver);"
and"ripe"yellow"fruit
Supplement"promotion"of"vitamin"A-rich"diets"with"food"fortification
Results"from"meta-analysis"of"multiple"trials"have"shown"that"Vitamin"A"
supplementation"reduces"child"mortality"
National"Vitamin"A"Program"(NAVP)"in"Nepal
Objective"was"to"reduce"deficiency"in"vitamin"A-related"child"mortality"
Global&Health&Cases&4:&Child&Mortality
Friday,"February"3,"2017
7:50"PM
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Objective"was"to"reduce"deficiency"in"vitamin"A-related"child"mortality"
and"morbidity
Vitamin"A"capsules"were"distributed"to"children"twice"a"yr."in"high"risk"
areas
Promotion"of"breast"feeding"(breast"milk"contains"vitamin"A)"to"prevent"
vitamin"A"deficiency"in"infants
Between"1995"and"2000,"mortality"of"children"under"5"yrs."old"was"
reduced"by"half"in"those"who"received"vitamin"A"compared"to"children"
who"did"not"receive"vitamin"A
The"National"Vitamin"A"Program"was"highly"efficient"in"cost,"costing"only"
$1.25"per"child."
“The"National"Vitamin"A"Program,”"only"1"Vitamin"Capsule"a"year"can"
save"a"child"from"blindness"and"death."
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