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SOC SCI 164B- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 16 pages long!)


Department
Social Science
Course Code
SOC SCI 164B
Professor
Al Valdez
Study Guide
Midterm

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UC-Irvine
SOC SCI 164B
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Soc Sci 164B Week 1
Intro to Hispanic Street Gangs
This chapter introduces the Hispanic street gang dynamic and how they formed, which acted as
the platform for many future gangs to come. This week focused on gangs in the West Coast and
why certain people resort to joining a gang. In essence, gangs form from a group of people who
feel socially ostracized, thus turning toward violence. This chapter also shows how major
Hispanic gangs such as MS-13 and the 18th Street Gang came to be. The material covered here
will be on the next exam about Hispanic Street Gangs and African American gangs.
men and women use their genital areas to hide things (drugs, weapons, etc)
breeding ground for all gangs caused by those who feel victimized by injustice (real or
imagine)- anti establishment culture of drugs/crime/hate
poverty can cause "tunnel vision"
dept of justice- the more money u make the higher educated u are the safer u are
teenagers want to belong so resort to gangs
primary source of income comes from drugs for street gangs
this country has 5% of world population but we consume over 50% of drugs
first st gangs were made of irish origin
- youth stereotyped
first modern american street gangs were all adults in NY area
~25% now are all juvenile
1870s- most vicious gang- mixed race
vertical org structure rare, usually horizontal
class distinction, bias, racism- why kids join!!!
media can contribute to mass thought
hit-up is when they ask u where u r from
hee do u lie"
uifo i shools so e do’t ea gag lothes so gags do’t go to shools
MEME when behavior in street gangs become mainstream behavior
jan 1836- 189 texan volunteers take alamo
february- santana and 4000 troops arrive
battle for 13 days, fell in march
alamo is the beginning of anti mexican sentiment
How to identify gang: 1. association 2. common identifier 3. involved in criminal activities
Memes: any unit of cultural information, such as a practice or idea that gets transmitted
verbally or by repeated action
propagate themselves through culture, like a virus
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hard to leave gang once you get a tattoo
gang culture has now become mainstream through the actions of social memes
vehicles have been the music, entertainment industry, media and technology
media exports gang lifestyle
Hispanic gang members can wear any style of clothing
look like a duk, talk like a duk, ou ae a duk
Not necessarily true -> social memes can cause false positives
Mara Salvatrucha Stoner (MSS) first became victims to 18th Street
Tag Bangers Mara Salvatrucha Saldadorean gang: mara meant group, salvatrucha is a
derogatory term used to describe Salvadorians
In 2017: they are reported in 40-45 states in America where did the first low rider come
from? durango, mexico 1880
california enjoyed presence of street gangs for over 100 years
formed in 1900s in CA (first were Mexican)
in all us states and territories
US acquired california from mexico legally
paid mex 15 mil
corruption is the biggest problem in mexico
quality of life issues main reasons why ppl leave their countries
underground trade route between LA and el paso
1911 White Fence formed
gang formed from this
still in existence
Zoot suit introduced in el paso
pachuco- from texas el paso
had anti-american vibes
slipping- easy target for rival gang to attack you
anthony quinn, orson wells, rita hayward are famous movie stars appealed
common enemy is the police/military
1945 war ends
afte  oept of tuf solidifies- thanks to Maravilla gangs
nonverbal communication is important and widely used
grafitti is a greeting, challenge for rivals, and intimidationinformal underground travel route
between El Paso and LA was a form of direct influence
Great Depression: Zoot suit fashion
jup i iitiatio itual
1940s: Micky Garcia from Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico joined a local street gang from the
Segundo Barrio, style called Zoot suit tapa/tanda: felt hat with a long feather
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