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SOC SCI H1F Study Guide - Winter 2019, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Sigmund Freud, Jessica Jones


Department
Social Science
Course Code
SOC SCI H1F
Professor
William R Schonfeld
Study Guide
Midterm

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SOC SCI H1F

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Jessica Mangold
SocCore HlF
Professor Schonfeld & Scavio
Week 1 Lecture 1
1/8/19
Society & the Individual: Introduction
Two Views of Human Nature
- constrained view (more pessimistic)
- human beings need external structures or restrictions in order to behave well,
cooperate, & thrive
- laws, institutions, customs, tradition, religion
- constraints built up organically in local communities
- can be destroyed by radical reformers
- leader in government need to be subjected to checks & balanced
- people may be in it for themselves
- example: French Revolution
- Robespierre -> felt it was good to kill political enemies
- then had Napoleon
- Constitution written with constrained view in mind -> institutes checks &
balances between the three branches of government
- reasoned against instituting another king
- question of whether Constitution can constrain the president? What is the
president’s powers?
- view taken by Freud
- situation he presented; if killing another human being would bring you
great profit & you could never be found out, would you do it?
- Narcissism of Minor Differences
- unconstrained view (more positive)
- human nature is malleable
- can be improved perhaps even perfected
- if social conditions right, anything is possible
- government should be run by group of elites who value country over their own
personal interests
- if we screw up -> likely fault of environmental conditions
- view taken by Rousseau
Jedwabne, Poland
- raises question of what people are really like
- normal situations v. abnormal situations
- Watts Riots
- regarding Rodney King
- African American people were rioting & breaking into stores
- many stores owned by Asian Americans who had guns & shot at rioters
- police intervened, most of which were Caucasian
- people were having issues with diversity
- raised issue of what happens when people are unleashed
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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- what the book Neighbors is all about
- Neighbors chosen because want to question whether people in book represent everyone
else when not constrained
- question of whether these people represent humanity
- the citizens involved were ordinary citizens
- bestiality of neighbors -> can find similar episodes all over the globe
- general readiness of humans to attack with utmost brutality is also demonstrated
according to Gross
- in the case of this Polish town:
- reasonably small town with major Jewish population in Catholic country with
major Jewish minority
- war is taken place & Poland split in stage 1 between Nazis from Germany
(West) & Soviets (East)
- town was under Soviet control until pact broke down & Germans took over &
town came under Nazi control
- occurred between people who had known each other
- slaughter demonstrates a primitiveness that would not have been associated with
this society at the time
- then collect everyone & put them in a barn & then set it on fire
- wasn’t just good enough to kill them -> wanted to make them want to die after
their dignity was removed
- Poles knew that Germans would not object to the killings
- limited number of Jews who survived
- few saved by Gestapo & few saved by Polish citizen
- ordinary Poles were committing the atrocity rather than the Nazis
- everyone notices difference
- cannot live in a colorblind society
- in this case people saw difference & then acted on what they saw
- acted on noticed difference without German influence
- people had been suffering in the war & were scared
- scared to go about daily life & constantly insecure
- knew there was no place to go for protection
- do we behave in a way that is most faithful to ourselves under conditions of normalcy
when under conditions of high stress?
- have to make decision on how to behave under certain circumstances
- what are you more the way that you behave routinely or the way that you
believe in crisis?
- how do people think about other people?
- we are all part of a community but under certain circumstances that community
has been broken down into warring tribes wanting to totally destroy other tribes
- dramatic difference between subjection & elimination
- less common that one group of people decides to eliminate a group of people
- when we look @Locke, Rousseau, & Freud: how well do these different thinkers
explain what we observed in Neighbors?
- why do we read?
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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- develop an experience finding out about something that we do not know
otherwise
- question of who is responsible for what happened rather than whether it happened
Individual v. Corporatism
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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