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SOC SCI H1F Study Guide - Winter 2019, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Corporatism, Individualism


Department
Social Science
Course Code
SOC SCI H1F
Professor
William R Schonfeld
Study Guide
Midterm

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SOC SCI H1F

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SEMINAR 1 (1/17/19)
Constrained and Unconstrained View of Human Nature
CONSTRAINED (Locke)
UNCONSTRAINED (Rousseau)
- Structure
- Laws to flourish
- Institutions, traditions, religions, social
norms
- EX: marriage (monogamous,
heterosexual [homosexuality
encouraged in Ancient
Greece]), code of morals,
punishments, education, use of
money, market forces,
expectation to raise a family
- Human Nature itself?
- Bad/ self-interested
- Fairly rigid/ not malleable
- RELIGION EXAMPLE
- Traditional Western
Christianity
- Views man as innately
sinful
- Altruistic: you behave with some
degree of compassion
- Very malleable (encourage to change)
- Morally perfectable
- Less strict government
- Communities
- Education
- Give people the right
opportunities
- Literature
- opportunities/ welfare
- RELIGION EXAMPLE
- Atheism?
- Rousseau: Constrained or Unconstrained?
- Unconstrained
- Humans are innately good
- Happy savage
- Locke
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- Constrained
- Neither good nor bad, more self-interested
- Not dogmatically constrained
- Do these ideas fit more with a certain political party?
- Republicans: Constrained
- Democrats: Unconstrained
- Jonathan Haidt
- Liberal and Conservative voter difference comes down to a psychological
difference
- Individualism and Corporatism
INDIVIDUALISM (Locke)
CORPORATISM (Rousseau)
- Single individual
- FREEDOM:
- Rights of individual
- The American proclivity;
characteristic of modernity
- It is the individuals that are
the basic element of society
- What is good for the
individual is good for
society
- Rights of the individual
- Freedom of speech
- Religion
- Property
- Privacy
- Marriage
- Drugs
- Destiny
- Society as a whole
- FREEDOM:
- Right of community as an
aggregate
- claims the individual is a finite
being that belongs to a community;
without a community, the
individual is NOTHING
- The community is virtually
ETERNAL
- Rights
- Religions, customs,
traditions
- Cultural appropriation
- Ex: native american
headdresses
- Land Ownership
- We are all subject to the same laws
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- Worst sanction is DEATH
that subject that there is a
competence for us
- Worst sanction is EXCLUSION
SELFISH
RIGID
ALTRUISTIC
RIGID
SELFISH
MALLEABLE
ALTRUISTIC
MALLEABLE
Neighbors
- Background
- Poland- July 1941
- WWII
- Nazi-Soviet Pact divides Poland into two
- Hitler and Stalin (totalitarian: high government control of every aspect of
society)
- Hitler wants to wipe out: jews, disabled, homosexuals, gypsies, slavs
- Ostplan
- Hinted at in Mein Kampf
- Remove something between 50%-90% of slavic population
- 1/10 Poles are killed in the war
- 6 million jews, 5 million other killed in concentration camps
- Why does Stalin enter this plan?
- Wants to stay in charge
- Fears a Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union/ Western Invasion
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