AMH 2020 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: White Southerners, Scalawag, Carpetbagger

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6 Feb 2017

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1. The question of who within the federal government had authority over Reconstruction
was a major source of debate. What was Lincoln’s position?
a. Southern states had never left the Union, so the executive branch had authority
over Reconstruction
2. Identify all of the aspects of the Radical Republicans’ stance on Reconstruction.
a. Correct:
i. They believed Congress alone should be in control of Reconstruction.
ii. They consistently argued that southern society should be drastically
b. Incorrect:
i. They wanted Reconstruction to be a joint endeavor between the president
and Congress.
ii. They felt southern society should be left alone.
iii. They believed that preserving the elite status of Democratic planters in the
South was necessary for Reconstruction to succeed.
3. While Reconstruction did not immediately provide for the full protection of economic
opportunities or social equality for African Americans, it did leave behind a
constitutional legacy that allowed for future civil rights achievements.
a. True
4. Religious life was significant for African Americans after the Civil War because black
churches were the first social institutions that former slaves could control.
a. True
5. Describe the impact of the Panic of 1873 on Congressional Reconstruction efforts.
a. Correct:
i. reduced the emphasis northern voters placed on reconstructing the South
ii. weakened the national economy
b. Incorrect:
i. had little impact on Reconstruction’s progress
ii. created long-term support for greenbacks and permanently eliminated the
cause of “hard money” supporters
iii. enabled the continued resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan across the South
6. Johnson proved to be a strong supporter of black civil rights throughout his presidency.
a. False
7. According to the Constitution, if the southern states had actually seceded and were
conquered territories, then the legislative branch would be in charge of reconstructing the
8. Identify the ways in which the Civil War impacted the southern economy.
a. Correct:
i. The war abolished the institution of slavery, which was a multibillion-
dollar industry in the region.
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ii. The war destroyed much of the infrastructure and left many major cities
iii. Most of the South’s cotton was destroyed during the war or seized later by
federal troops
b. Incorrect:
i. Areas of the South unaffected by the war experienced tremendous booms
in property values.
9. As the war waned, Lincoln issued the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction.
What were some of the components that made up Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction?
a. Correct:
i. It excluded Confederate government officials, senior military officers, and
congressmen from pardon.
ii. It allowed former Rebel states to form Union governments if they met
certain requirements.
b. Incorrect:
i. It incorporated the Wade-Davis Bill.
10. Describe the legacy of Republican rule in the South during Reconstruction.
a. Correct:
i. accomplished a significant number of achievements despite hostile
b. Incorrect:
i. ensured that southern blacks would permanently enjoy their civil rights
ii. left behind few physical reminders of their rule
iii. primarily marked by corruption and scandal
11. In 1865, Henry Adams left the plantation where he had been enslaved. A group of whites
confronted him on the road, asked the name of his owner, and beat him when he declared,
“I now belong to no one.” How does the response to Henry Adams’s claim reflect the
status of slaves post emancipation?
a. Correct:
i. It illustrated the complex status of African Americans after the war, as
many did not immediately enjoy equal status.
ii. It embodied the general feeling among southern whites who resented the
new status of African Americans.
iii. It demonstrated why some slaves left plantations for cities.
b. Incorrect:
i. It illustrated the ultimate freedom of speech enjoyed by former slaves.
12. President Johnson’s veto of a bill renewing the Freedmen’s Bureau, as well as his
criticism of Radical Republican support for black civil rights, did little to drive a wedge
between the two wings of the Republican party.
a. False
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