[PCB 3703C] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (106 pages long!)

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29 Nov 2016

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Consists of: cytosol (water, ions, and enzymes, organelles, pigments, stored nutrients, nucleus: control center of the cell and contains dna. What are the two main types of membrane proteins and which is most common: integral proteins (most common/most abundant and extend entirely through membrane, peripheral proteins (mainly on cytoplasmic side), separate cell membrane from cytoplasm. ** glycocalyx: a short chain of carbohydrates projected out of glycoproteins or glycolipids. Atp: vesicular or bulk transport: large particles and macromolecules pass through the membrane, exocytosis: vesicles fuse with the plasma membrane and release contents out of the cell and into the bloodstream, endocytosis: brings large molecules into the cell. How do vesicle membranes bind to the plasmalemma during exocytosis: proteins extending from the vesicle membrane (vsnares), bind with plasma membrane proteins (tsnares). This causes the lipid layers of the vesicle and cell membrane to join together. Name the 3 types of endocytosis and describe each.

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