REL 2300 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Beatitudes, Baal Shem Tov, Worship God

38 views4 pages
20 Nov 2016
School
Department
Course
Professor
REL 2300 Exam 4 Review
KEY WORDS & IDEAS
Judaism
Monotheism- the doctrine or belief that there is only one God; in Judaism that is
Yahweh
Torah- law and command, both as spoken word of God; the whole body of Jewish
teaching and law
Kosher- ritually acceptable, applied to foods in Jewish Orthodoxy; spiritual contagion
Diaspora- the scattering; exile of Jews from Jerusalem in 578 BC by Babylonians = divine
punishment for idolatry; tension of assimilation (adapting local customs) or orthodoxy
reaiig elusiel Jeish
Synagogue- a meeting place for Jewish study and worship; replaces the Temple as
center of the Jewish community after Solomon and Herod were destroyed
Rabbi- enlightened Jewish teacher, replaces priest by inherited authority; the ordained
spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation
Idolatry- worshipping an image or idol; strongly prohibited in Judaism
Yahweh- family god to tribal god to national god; the creator of the world and
everything in it; the one god in Judaism
Sabbath- Saturday; the day of the week set aside for rest and worship in Judaism and
Christianity
Zionism- modern movement to return the Jews to Israel; Kibbutz as communal farm to
restore society and land
Christianity
Trinity- the Christian doctrine that in the One God are three divine persons: The Father,
the Son, and the Holy Spirit
- Father God= creator of all
- Jesus= God incarnated in the flesh
- Holy Spirit= invisible presence
- Mary/Madonna= feminine side of Trinity
Apocalypse- the dramatic end of the present age; return of Jesus to judge evil and
reward faithful (Armageddon)
Monotheism- the doctrine or belief that there is only one God; in Christianity it is Father
God
Sacraments- outward and visible signs of inward and spiritual grace in Christianity; 7 for
Catholics (Baptism, confirmation, penance, Eucharist, Marriage, holy orders, last rites),
only baptism and Eucharist for Protestants
Monasticism- separation from society and world; anti-private property and pleasure;
self-deial ad soial reuiatio; dediated to oe’s o soul, ot to help others
Penance- an act of self-punishment to atone for wrongdoings; a Christian sacrament in
which a member of the Church confesses sins to a priest and is given absolution
Icons- sacred images (wax, statues, paintings) acting as homeopathic power for healing;
Orthodox tend to prefer paintings and wax, Catholic prefer statues
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Monotheism- the doctrine or belief that there is only one god; in judaism that is. Torah- law and command, both as spoken word of god; the whole body of jewish teaching and law. Kosher- ritually acceptable, applied to foods in jewish orthodoxy; spiritual contagion. Diaspora- the scattering; exile of jews from jerusalem in 578 bc by babylonians = divine punishment for idolatry; tension of assimilation (adapting local customs) or orthodoxy (cid:894)re(cid:373)ai(cid:374)i(cid:374)g e(cid:454)(cid:272)lusi(cid:448)el(cid:455) (cid:862)je(cid:449)ish(cid:863)(cid:895) Synagogue- a meeting place for jewish study and worship; replaces the temple as center of the jewish community after solomon and herod were destroyed. Rabbi- enlightened jewish teacher, replaces priest by inherited authority; the ordained spiritual leader of a jewish congregation. Idolatry- worshipping an image or idol; strongly prohibited in judaism. Yahweh- family god to tribal god to national god; the creator of the world and everything in it; the one god in judaism.

Get access

Grade+20% OFF
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers