[REL 2300] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 37 pages long Study Guide!

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29 Nov 2016
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UCF
REL 2300
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Notes 9/8/16
Colonialism
Establishment and maintenance of colonies in one territory by people from another territory by people
from another territory: sovereignty is claimed and expressed in social and political structure
Usually unequal relationship between colonists and colonized
Lasted between 15th and 20th centuries when European Nation States established colonies
around the world
Devastating Effects
Disease, forced migration and land stolen, banning of indigenous customs and
religions, children taken from families, Native American population shrunk from
10 million to 2.4 million, and Shaman was targeted as a symbol of chaos,
superstitions, and trickery
Life Saving Responses
Indigenous peoples responded to European colonialism in a variety of ways
(often overlapped)
oSurvival in life threatening circumstances
oResistance to Colonial regimes
oAssimilation to the colonizing cultures
oRetrieval (reclaim or original traditions)
Religious Responses
Conversion (assimilation), Syncretism (Took parts of it while keeping their own
beliefs), Preservation (Full Resistance)
Syncretism- refers to the conscious or unconscious fusing of religious traditions
and practices. Fusion of religion and culture *Dirty word in religion*
Happened before and after major events
Neocolonialism
Cultural appropriation
Globalization and development
Evangelism (through missionary work) We send plane loads of Christian missionaries
Adverse effects of foreign aid and intervention (Missionaries often do more harm than
good due to attachment issues
Eurocentrism in education and research
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The Ghost Dance (December 29th 1890)- Native Americans got together in a giant nonviolent protest and
the US military shot them all
Cosmogonies
Models of the origins of the universe and their purpose within it, as well as working
knowledge of their own bioregions
Come to life in religious practices
Usually no split between spirits and religions
Types of Ritual
Healing
Rite of passage
Rite of Renewal
Rite of purification
The Sundance is a rite of renewal
Asceticism (severe self-discipline and avoidance of all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons)
Fasting
Physical preparation
Self-mortification
Life and destruction are though of together in this ritual
Self-Mortification is not self-hurting
Has been outlawed
Circle of Right Relationships
“Creatrix” (Origins and Kinship)
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Document Summary

Establishment and maintenance of colonies in one territory by people from another territory by people from another territory: sovereignty is claimed and expressed in social and political structure. Usually unequal relationship between colonists and colonized. Lasted between 15th and 20th centuries when european nation states established colonies around the world. Disease, forced migration and land stolen, banning of indigenous customs and religions, children taken from families, native american population shrunk from. 10 million to 2. 4 million, and shaman was targeted as a symbol of chaos, superstitions, and trickery. Conversion (assimilation), syncretism (took parts of it while keeping their own beliefs), preservation (full resistance) Syncretism- refers to the conscious or unconscious fusing of religious traditions and practices. Fusion of religion and culture *dirty word in religion* Evangelism (through missionary work) we send plane loads of christian missionaries. Adverse effects of foreign aid and intervention (missionaries often do more harm than good due to attachment issues.

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