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REL 2300 Exam 4 Review
KEY WORDS & IDEAS
Faith Perspectives
Ecstasy- a type of altered state of consciousness characterized by greatly reduced
external awareness and expanded interior mental and spiritual awareness, frequently
accompanied by visions and emotional (and sometimes physical) euphoria
Profane- worldly, secular, as opposed to sacred; nonreligious or biblical
Animism- the belief that natural objects, natural phenomena, and the universe itself
possess souls (plants, inanimate objects, etc.)
Shaman (shamanism)- a ediie perso, a a or oa ho has udergoe
spiritual ordeals and can communicate with the spirit world to help the people in
indigenous traditions; a person who acts as intermediary between the natural and
supernatural worlds, using magic to cure illness, foretell the future, control spiritual
forces, etc.
Homeopathic magic- magic that attempts to control the universe through the mimicking
of a desired event, as by stabbing an image of an enemy in an effort to destroy him or
her or by performing a ritual dance imitative of the growth of food in an effort to secure
an abundant supply; a branch of sympathetic magic based on the belief that similar
actions produce similar results
Contagious magic- magic that attempts to affect a person through something once
connected with him or her, as a shirt once worn by the person or a footprint left in the
sand; a branch of sympathetic magic based on the belief that things once in contact are
in some way permanently so, however separated physically they may subsequently
become
Dogma- a system of beliefs declared to be true by religion; accepted without being
doubted
Taoism
Wu-Wei- o-atio ot doig or taking no intentional or invasive action contrary to
the natural flow of things; aset fore
Yin- the dark, receptive, passive, feale aspet
Yang- the right, assertie, ale aspet
Feng Shui- proper alignment of self, architecture, society to universe; geomancy:
measurements and study of object to universe
Jen- goodness, love, compassion, altruism
Li- ceremonial rites, public and family rituals to est. earthly harmony
Hinduism
Soma- an unidentified plant; the juice of which was a fundamental offering of the Vedic
sacrifices and seemed to confer great vigor
Karma- atios or deeds; intentional (usually moral) actions that affect one's
fortunes in this life and the next
Buddhism
Nirvana- the goal of spiritual effort; the path to liberation; ultimate reality; to go out of
eistee or etiguish; othigess as ultiate freedo of sufferig
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REL 2300 Exam 4 Review
Judaism
Monotheism- the doctrine or belief that there is only one God; in Judaism that is
Yahweh
Kosher- ritually acceptable, applied to foods in Jewish Orthodoxy; spiritual contagion
Sabbath- Saturday; the day of the week set aside for rest and worship in Judaism and
Christianity
Idolatry- worshipping an image or idol; strongly prohibited in Judaism
Diaspora- the scattering; exile of Jews from Jerusalem in 578 BC by Babylonians = divine
punishment for idolatry; tension of assimilation (adapting local customs) or orthodoxy
reaiig elusiel Jeish
Christianity
Trinity- the Christian doctrine that in the One God are three divine persons: The Father,
the Son, and the Holy Spirit
Sacraments- outward and visible signs of inward and spiritual grace in Christianity; 7 for
Catholics (Baptism, confirmation, penance, Eucharist, Marriage, holy orders, last rites),
only baptism and Eucharist for Protestants
Monasticism- separation from society and world; anti-private property and pleasure;
self-denial and social renunciatio; dediated to oe’s o soul, ot to help others
Apocalypse- the dramatic end of the present age; return of Jesus to judge evil and
reward faithful (Armageddon)
Relic- anything belonging to (bones, clothes) or touched by a saint; would transfer the
power of the saint to the place where it was stored
Islam
Imam- trained teacher or priest; leader of Muslim prayer
LISTS
Faith Perspectives
Proofs i yth
Taoism
Examples of Tao to Taoism
o Tao as dharma
o The a of ature
o Ma’s relatioship ith nature
Confucianism
Examples of Tao to Confucianism
o Tao= soial a
o The mandate of heaven lived out in the nobility
o To have a structured society
o Top-down morality is determined by leaders
o Ma’s relatioship ith a
o Tao as the heavenly model for society
Hinduism
4 stages of life i Hiduis Ashraa
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Document Summary

Ecstasy- a type of altered state of consciousness characterized by greatly reduced external awareness and expanded interior mental and spiritual awareness, frequently accompanied by visions and emotional (and sometimes physical) euphoria. Profane- worldly, secular, as opposed to sacred; nonreligious or biblical. Animism- the belief that natural objects, natural phenomena, and the universe itself possess souls (plants, inanimate objects, etc. ) Dogma- a system of beliefs declared to be true by religion; accepted without being doubted. Wu-wei- (cid:862)(cid:374)o(cid:374)-a(cid:272)tio(cid:374)(cid:863) (cid:862)(cid:374)ot doi(cid:374)g(cid:863) or taking no intentional or invasive action contrary to the natural flow of things; a(cid:271)se(cid:374)t (cid:862)for(cid:272)e(cid:863) Yin- the dark, receptive, passive, (cid:862)fe(cid:373)ale(cid:863) aspe(cid:272)t. Feng shui- proper alignment of self, architecture, society to universe; geomancy: measurements and study of object to universe. Li- ceremonial rites, public and family rituals to est. earthly harmony. Soma- an unidentified plant; the juice of which was a fundamental offering of the vedic sacrifices and seemed to confer great vigor.

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