U.S. History: 1492-1877 Study Guide for Final Exam (Part 2) - 4.0ed this course

7 Pages

American History
Course Code
AMH 2010

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
US History AMH 2010 Unit Exam I Study Guide (Chapter 1 through Chapter 3) General Themes: -Land • Molds the way colonies settle, colonization borders, natural resources, geography, environment -Freedom • Inconsistent because of slaves and natives • Documents, laws, rights, possessions, voting, opportunity -Community -New beginnings Land (Concepts) Usufruct -Collective use of the land -Nobody owns land; land is SHARED European vs. Native American concepts -Europeans saw land as something to be used; profit from it; individual ownership -Native Americans were spiritual with the land Euro-American opposing views - Garden of Eden - -Place of savagery and barbarism when not civilized Columbian Exchange Biological exchanges -Diseases (demographic catastrophe) Cultural exchanges - Indians and Spanish ways of life Freedom (American Ideals) Inconsistent or Commitment -Inconsistent about applying freedom historically (Slaves, women, Jews, Indians) Feeling or Notion -What you feel that you have compared to what you had before -Ex: Immigrants coming to America for freedom; dress how you like/drive a certain car; Henry Ford producing automobiles Greed & Patriotism Laws & Rights Liberty vs. Order -How freedom has been balanced in US history Material Abundance Frontiers White: Middle Ground -Process of interaction between Native Americans and colonists whose interaction that was not clear-cut -Never truly English America or Native America -Process of American experience was a “Middle Ground” where compromise and negotiation of cultures mixed and interacted. This process of cultural interaction produced varied forms of: 1) Adaptation 2) Acculturation 3) Assimilation End result: cultural interactions and clashes creates whole new culture Bailyn: Transplantations -The process of American experience was a form of adaptation and response to the environment from the European point of view towards an extension of their own culture 1) A migration to America as an extended domestic migration 2) That settlement and development differentiated according to geography, demography, economics, and religion 3) A process of land speculation and labor development Turner: Exceptionalism -The process of American experience was a continuous advancement that produced the following: 1) Individual (sense of) 2) Loss of cultural background (Newness) 3) Cultural fusion 4) Absence of authority 5) Freedom An American “uniqueness” of common traits form our: 1) Settlement patterns 2) Equality or sense of democracy 3) Progress 4) Self reliance or autonomy Key Terms / Events / Individuals: European Colonial Exploration & Empires Incentives / Motivations - Profit - Adventure English Explorations (why) 1) Population growth and pressures 2) Rise of commercial incentives 3) Rise of nation-states – urbanization (cities and towns) 4) New ideas (Renaissance and Protestant Reformation) 5) New technologies (warfare and commercialization) 6) Evolution of nation-states (one centralized authority) 7) Find all water routes to Asia/China Enclosure Movement (problems) - Surplus of population - Dislocation of farmers - Lead food supply shortages Ireland (English colonization) -Subjugation model: English used this on Native Americans also; Irish are inferior and barbaric -Plantation model: Separation between Natives (Irish) and conqueror (English) Mercantilism -Idea that if the country doesn’t prosper, no one will prosper. The country controls the economy -Resources are limited – get as much as you can as quickly as you can -Always more exports than imports for PROFIT – sell more than you buy Navigation Acts -Get all trade to go through England on English ships; regulate trade to enhance profits for England as a whole Richard Hakluyt -Added new ideas toward colonization -The key to prosperity: Go abroad – alleviate poverty and unemployment, create whole new markets, bring raw materials Religious incentives -Protestant Reformation -leave Catholic church -English Reformation -Break away from Catholic church; King Henry was head of church and government -Different because there’s a political purpose -Keep Catholic structure, but Reformation values English Colonial Settlement: Chesapeake (Virginia): Land Ownership / Social Status / Tobacco / Labor Early Problems -Location -Malaria (swampy area) -Adventures (no necessary tools, had to borrow from Indians) John Smith -Put them to work and brought success and order to the colonies -Continued process of colonization (needed a system/structure - he brought that) DeLa Warr -Imposed system much more strictly and harshly; executed gameplan Turning Points (In the establishment of VA and the Chesapeake Region): -Tobacco (cash crop) -Expansion (land acquisition) -Headright system -Rights of Englishmen (House of Burgesses) -Labor (servitude and slavery) -Suppression of Indians - Adaptation of Indian agricultural techniques Headrights System -Promote land expansion -Brought a different group/diverse group units – transformed migration -Brought order to land settlement John Rolfe -Made tobacco prosperous (key crop) Tobacco -Key crop made prosperous by John Rolfe -Virginia and Maryland House of Burgesses -Provided measure of self government -Notion of religious freedom -Social status Bacons Rebellion -The rebellion creates not only a boundary line between Whites and Natives, but also a boundary between
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.