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[ANTHRO 129Q] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (38 pages long)


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHRO 129Q
Professor
Gerard J Kennedy
Study Guide
Final

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UCLA
ANTHRO 129Q
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 1A
Definition of Paleopathology:
→ Paleo: Ancient (greek word)
→ Pathos: suffering
→ Logy: study of
Fields of Anthropology:
→ Social/Cultural Anthropology
→ Archaeology
→ Linguistics
→ Biological Anthropology→ Paleopathology is the subfield of biological anthropology
Study of trauma, disease, health status & medical practices of ancient societies through 3
groups of data, their
→ Organic remains, art, texts
Eg. 1. Thigh bone of cave bear shows healed fracture
→ Callus: new bone formed over fracture→ represents healing
2. Skeleton of mosasaur: died in the process of giving birth
→ baby still at the birth canal
→ broken tail
Why did Paul Broca reject the Squier skull as actual ancient trepan?
→ the skull shows evidence of healing
→ unhealed bone indicates→ patient died immediately
→ Squier skull shows signs of healing→ impossible→ Native american could not have done it
Economist: Ester boserup
Population pressure theory
→ You need labor→ agriculture→ need labor to produce food
→ crop production→ constantly growing the same crops on the same soil are going to degraded
the land and you need more and more work to get less and less food→ damages both land and
laborer and productivity declines
→ more marginal lands are opened→ requiring heavier labor
Hypothesis→more work will have more effect on the workers→ more agricultural you do→
decline in health of the laborers
Poor lands > more work > less food (bad circle)
Agriculture labor will damage the health of the laborer
Why economy is an important field?
Economist: Charles Darwin
→ talks about agricultural production
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→ natural selection and evolution
→ link between work and health
Neolithic revolution
→ stop foraging for food
→ stay put
→ be able to grow their own crops
→ development of city and literature
→ development of wealth
Archaeologists who familiar with bones
→ the health of the workers did not improve with agriculture, it declined
→ trigger of paleopathology (1980s)
Sources of data
→ organic remains (primary source)
- bone → hard, fragile, unchangeable
- teeth
- mummified tissues
- coprolites
- stable isotopes
- elemental analyses
- ancient DNA
- paleohistopathology
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