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ASIA AM 20 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Asian Americans, Final Exam Film, White People


Department
Asian American Studies
Course Code
ASIA AM 20
Professor
Welty, L.
Study Guide
Midterm

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ASIA AM 20
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

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Week 0-1 Lecture Notes
Cultural hegemony--when complete domination of ruling class’s worldview
becomes the accepted cultural norm. Others view it as natural and
beneficial for everyone rather than questioning it as an artificial social
construct
Race--socially constructed biological basis...affected by genetics and
ancestry, generalization based on skin color
For Asians, ethnicity and identity frames life experiences (ex: Irish on St.
Patrick’s Day, easy to take on and take off)
Ethnic group: people who see themselves and biologically and
historically connected to each other
Carolus Linnaeus--kingdom phylum stuff
Wanted to add “race” as another category after species
Arthur de Gobinau ranked the races--whites, Asians, Indians, blacks
Measured race through eugenics..comparing skulls
Definition of a species?
Many characteristics in common and ranking below a genus
Organisms that reproduce sexually and belong to same species
interbreed and produce fertile offspring
Species is a social construct? Walphin, liger
3 ways to become US citizen
Jus soli- by right of soil
Jus sanguinis- by right of blood
Naturalization
Legislation
A lot of petty laws aimed against Chinese
1790 Naturalization Act: free white people can naturalize
1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexicans are white
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act (renewed 1892, 1902, 1904)
Chinese railroad workers...some men began to do “women’s
work” (cleaning, cooking, laundry)
Feminization of Asian men
Chinese couldn’t live just anywhere
Bachelor society
Chinatowns seen as places of filth and vice. Opium
Chinese Exclusion Act: Merchants and students were allowed (not women
or families)
Still needed people to do “women’s work” so there were more Japanese
immigrants after Chinese Exclusion Act
Angel Island--medical exams, few women, basically like a detention center
Chinese without bound feet assumed to be prostitutes..why else
would they be coming w/ men in 1:15 ratio to work
Legislation
1907 Gentlemen’s Agreement--no more Japanese laborers can
immigrate
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But, Japanese “picture brides” could migrate
1913 Alien Land Act--only citizens can own land
1921--First immigration quota act
1922 Ozawa v. US--Japanese are not white
1923 US v. Thind--South Asians are not white
1924 Johnson-Reed Act - Second immigration quota
Prevents all immigration from Asia...quota of 50 people per
year (per country)
Froze community that was already in US
Japanese workers went to Latin America instead
1934 Tydings-McDuffie Act--Filipinos are no longer nationals, and
now have quota
1924-1934 Filipinos continued to come in (considered
nationals like Puerto Rico right now)
1942 Executive Order 9066,
Filipino immigration
Many are farm workers that Japanese would’ve worked on
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