Classics 143A Midterm Quotes.docx

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Department
Classics
Course
CLASSIC 143A
Professor
Mario Telo
Semester
Fall

Description
CLASSICS 143A MIDTERM STUDYGUIDE AGAMEMNON  Ll. 1-3 
 “I ask the gods some respite from the weariness of this watchtime measured by years I lie 
 awake elbowed upon the Atreidae’s roof dogwise” o Watchman introduction  LL. 944-47
 Here, let someone with all speed TAKE OFF THESE SANDALS, SLAVES for my feet to tread upon. And as I crush these garments stained from the rich sea let no god’s eyes of hatred strike me from afar.” o From the famous carpet scene in Agamemnon when Agamemnon arrives home to his palace o His chariot entry to his home represents the hubris that comes with his victory in Troy  LL. 1258-63 CASSANDRA, prophetess of APOLLO This is the woman-lioness, who goes to bed with the wolf, when her proud lion ranges far away, and she will cut me down; as a wife mixing drugs she wills to shred the virtue of my punishment into her bowl of wrath as she makes sharp the blade against her man o Cassandra in Agamemnon foreshadowing the assassination of Agamemnon.  Ll. 1343, 1345 
 Ah, I am struck a deadly blow and deep within!
 Ah me, again, they struck again. I am wounded twice. o Offstage death cries of Agamemnon  Ll. 1379-1384 
 I stand now where I struck him down. The thing is done. Thus have I wrought, and I will not deny it now. That he might not escape nor beat aside his death, as fishermen cast their huge circling nets, I spread deadly abundance of rich robes and caught him fast. o Clytaemnestra after killing Agamemnon  Ll. 1604ff. Out of such acts you see this dead man stricken here, and it was I, in my right, who wrought this murder...till from afar I laid my hands upon this man, since it was I who pieced together the fell plot. o Aegisthus trying to take the credit for Clytaemnestra’s actions  Ll. 1417-18, 1432-33
 CLYT. He slaughtered like a victim his own child...By my child’s JUSTICE (Dike) driven to fulfillment, by her Wrath and Fury, to whom I sacrificed this man o Clytaemnestra defending her actions and referring to Agamemnon’s sacrifice of Iphigenia o Act of taking revenge turns the revenger into an object of revenge  Ll. 810-16 To Argos first, and to the gods within the land, I must (lit. “it is right to” [DIKE]”) give due greeting: they have worked with me to bring me home; they helped me in the vengeance [DIKE] I have wrought on Priam’s city. Not from the lips of men the gods heard justice [DIKE], but in one firm cast they laid their votes within the urn of blood that Ilium must die o Agamemnon  Ll. 206-11 “My fate is angry if I disobey these, but angry if I slaughter this child, the beauty of my house, with maiden blood shed staining these father’s hands beside the altar. What of these things goes now without disaster?” o Chorus paraphrasing Agamemnon’s thought pocess  LL. 1460-61, 1189-1193 CHORUS
 : Surely a DEMON then of death walked in the house, men’s agony CASSANDRA: 
 There lurks forever here a drunken rout of ingrown vengeful spirits never to be cast forth; [...] taking up the strain in turn spit curses ON THAT MAN WHO SPOILED HIS BROTHER’S BED o Discussion of the daimon and it’s presence in the house of Atreus  Ll. 1595-1607 AEGISTHUS He carved away the extremities, hands, feet, and cut the flesh apart, and covered them served in a dish to my father...When he knew the terrible thing that he had done...he reeled spurning the table back to heel with strength the curse: “THUS CRASH IN RUIN ALL THE SEED OF PLEISTHENES.” I third born to my unhappy father, and with him driven, a helpless baby in arms, to banishment. Yet I grew up, and JUSTICE (DIKE) brought me home again o Aegisthus getting revenge on Agamemnon for what has happened to his family  Ll. 1568-73
 CLYTAEMESTRA I wish to seal my oath with the Spirit in the house...Let him go forth to make bleed with death and guilt the houses of others. o More on the daimon  Ll. 1646-48 
 CHORUS Oh, can Orestes live, be somewhere in sunlight still? Shall fate grown gracious ever bring him back again in strength of hand to overwhelm these murderers? o More on the daimon  Ll. 176-79 ZEUS, who guided men to think, who has laid it down that wisdom comes alone through suffering. o Clytaemnestra speaking o Pathei mathos – learning through suffering  “THIS IS DARING WHEN THE FEMALE SHALL STRIKE DOWN THE MALE” (ll. 1231-32) o Cassandra ridiculing Clytaemnestra for not only killing her husband but simply a woman killing a man  Ll. 1428-29 CHORUS Great your design, your speech is a clamor of pride. Swung to the red act drives the fury within your brain signed clear in the splash of blood over your eyes o Criticizing Clytaemnestra  CLYTAIMESTRA according to CASSANDRA Ll. 1232-34 “What does he know of this accursed BITCH, who licks his hand, who fawns on him with lifted ears...? What can I call her and be right? What beast of loathing? VIPER double- fanged, or SCYLLA witch holed in the rocks and bane of men that range the sea”  Ll. 1223-25 (CASSANDRA) There is one that plots vengeance for this, the STRENGTHLESS LION rolling in his master’s bed, who KEEPS, ah me, THE HOUSE against his lord’s return o Inverted gender by Cassandra  L. 1625-26 (CHORUS to AEGISTHUS) So then you, like a WOMAN, waited the war out here here in the HOUSE, shaming the master’s bed with lust o Criticizing Aegisthus for being a pussy  Ll. 715 ff Once a man fostered in his house a LION CUB...In the first steps of its young life mild, it played with children and delighted the old...But it grew with time, and the lion in the blood strain came out [...] This thing they raised in their house was blessed by God to be PRIEST of DESTRUCTION o Chorus during the second stasimon. Shows a distortion of the traditional epic idea where the lion is a symbol of dignified masculinity. LIBATION BEARERS o ELECTRA
 Someone has cut a strand of hair and laid it on a tomb. [...] Yet here it is, and for appearance matches well...CHORUS With whose hair? [...] ELECTRA With my own hair. [...] CHORUS Can it then be a secret gift from Orestes? ELECTRA It seems that it must be nobody’s hair but his. [...] But see, here is another sign. Footprints are here. The feet that made them are alike, and look like mine. o Recognition scene in the beginning of the Libation Bearers o Ll. 670, 714-15
 CLYT. We have all comforts that go with a house like ours, HOT BATHS [...] Look after them, in a manner WORTHY of a house like ours o Her treatment of Orestes who is an undercover messenger
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