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CLASSIC 30- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 54 pages long!)


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLASSIC 30
Professor
alexperves
Study Guide
Midterm

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UCLA
CLASSIC 30
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 2 4/5
Theogony: Birth(gony) of the gods(theo)
Hesiod
- Shepherd; wrote Theogony
- Sang poetry
Theogony
- religious tet
- most popular of other versions of Theogony at the time
- divine authority of Muses; sense of true story of origin of the world
polytheism: a religious system made up of many gods
- belongs to the tradition of Epic
Epic
- In verse
- Follow meter/rhythm: hexameter
- Thrived in archaic period
- Gods & heroes
- Invocation of the Muses (opening of Theogony: sing about the Muses)
- Homer & Hesiod (siilar stle, ut Hoer’s loger
Archaic Period
- Roughly 800-480 BC
- Great flourishing in poetry, arts & commerce (change in politics, contacts between
Greek cities, Olympic, travel, trade, visual arts & poetry)
- Colonization
- Introduction of alphabet
- Emergence of greek polis (city-state); organized form of political organization
- From 670-500 BC, many city-states ruled by tyrants(not necessarily bad)
Structure of Theogony
- Lines 1-115 (prologue): Hesiod meets Muses, and they bestow him the gift of singing
- Lines 116-end: birth of gods, from beginning to present order of universe
Lie 26: ell
- Mortal condition: need to feed ourselves; not noble; makes us different from gods;
joke?
- But gods also have bellies, maybe shows gods are like mortal in some way
- Many stories revolve around their bellies
26-28 quotation:
- we know how to speak the truth, but-by the way-we are also great liars
Muses
- Nine daughters of Memory (Mnemosyne) and Zeus (53-61)
- Need memories to sing the stories from generation to generation
- Balance between remembering & forgetting??
Primordial Gods
Titans
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Olympians
Chaos
- Gaia (earth)
- Tartaros (underworld)
- Eros (desire); push the story with desire
- Gaia -> Ouranos (sky); parthenogenic: birth without sex; female power
- Earth & sk havig se astratio provides a gap between them so that mortal can
live on Earth)
- Gaia + Ouranos -> Kronos + 11 others
- Ling 160: Gaia gets uncomfortable, creates plot (nature -> technology, first act of
violence by the son; father & son not getting along); new elements: secrecy,
technology; Gaia pushes into civilization
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