MATH 33AH Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Symplectic Matrix, Symmetric Matrix, Block MatrixExam
Course CodeMATH 33AH
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Math 33A Practice Problems
November 30, 2016
Here you’ll ﬁnd a few practice problems for the exam. It’s important to understand
that these problems were not vetted by Dr. Shlyakhtenko, and should not be
considered an indication of the problems you’ll see on the exam.
1. Let J0be the following 2n×2nblock matrix:
A 2n×2nmatrix Ψ is called symplectic if ΨTJ0Ψ = J0.
(a) Show that all symplectic matrices have determinant ±1.
(b) Show that if Ψ and Φ are symplectic matrices, then so are Ψ + Φ, ΨΦ, Ψ−1, and
(c) Characterize all 2 ×2 symplectic matrices.
(d) Consider the map ω:R2n×R2n→Rdeﬁned by
ω(~u, ~v) = −~uTJ0~v.
Show that the 2n×2nmatrix Ψ is symplectic if and only if
ω(Ψ~u, Ψ~v) = ω(~u, ~v)
for all vectors ~u, ~v ∈R2n.
2. Suppose Ais a 2n×2northogonal matrix, and that det A= 1. Show that the algebraic
multiplicity of 1 as an eigenvalue of Ais even.
3. Show that if Ais odd-dimensional and skew-symmetric (i.e., AT=−A), then Ais not
4. Show that if ~v1and ~v2are eigenvectors of the symmetric matrix Awith distinct eigen-
values λ1and λ2, then ~v1and ~v2are orthogonal.
5. Let bbe some ﬁxed value and consider the quadratic form
q(~x) = kx2
Characterize the deﬁniteness of qin terms of k. That is, determine the values of k
for which qis positive- (or negative-) deﬁnite, positive (or negative) semi-deﬁnite, or
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