Course Reader Notes for Midterm.docx

12 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Tim Groseclose

1977 CQ Almanac  Carter Energy Bill  Successful Republican filibuster  Efforts to end made by Byrd  Abourezk and Metzenbaum present amendments to continue debate  Byrd started making points of order stating motion to amend aren’t in order  “Steamroller” of amendments killed 33 of them  Metzenbaum and Abourezk gave up after two hours Speaker Newt – Cheney and Cheney  No Republican majority since 1952  History teacher before  Conservative Opportunity Society  Took advantage of CSPAN coverage- especially during special orders hours  Personal privilege motion to defend comments made in Gregorsky report for allegedly attacking during special orders  Attacked Jim Wright as Speaker in 1987  1987 budget reconciliation bill vote- “Black Thursday” was defeated. Reconvened at 315- vote kept open until Democrats got the vote  Investigation on Speaker Wright’s dubious dealings  Gingrich runs for whip  Ethics committee found Wright’s violations and he resigned  Gingrich uses PR to get his name out there  Focused on getting Republicans elected in 1990  Contract with America  Institutional changes after becoming Speaker: less staff, 6 year term limits on chair positions  Asserted much power over committees Ambition of Power – John M. Barry  Democrat annual retreat  Wright, Byrd and Bob Dole agreed to let clock expire and pay raise go in effect  Senate voted 88-6 against pay raise  Wright decided to block any House action and wanted homeless bill passed  Byrd promised to prevent a vote  Showed Wright’s willingness to force things on members that they did not want  Foley worked on a play to delay a vote in the Senate including the pay raise Congressional Record – January 7. 1997  Speaker election -> motion to postpone election by constitutional privilege by Fazio-> motion to appeal clerk by Fazio -> motion to appeal motion by Boehner -> tabled appeal  Election vote held -> Gingrich beats Gephardt -> Parliamentary inquiry by Fazio -> winner Gingrich announced  H. Res 3: Committee made to notify president that Congress has a quorum  H. Res 4: Clerk instruct the President the election of Speaker and clerk  H. Res 5: Adopt rules of previous Congress with amendments including drug testing  Debate, including argument in favor of H Res. 5 by Solomon  H. Res 5 passes Using Weapons of Fax and Phone, War Team Never Gave Ground  Rich Galen, strategist for Democrats to renew attacks on Gingrich  Gingrich admitted to giving untrue information to ethics committee two weeks  Gingrich’s attacks on Wright in 1989 used against him What Consequence for Leach?  Jim leach – Chairman of Banking Committee  Voted against Gingrich during the Jan. 7 roll call of Speaker election  Pressure on Leach to step down as chairman for his attacks on Gingrich  Voted for former leader Robert Michel in 1997 Speaker election  Jan 3 – 27 Republicans unsure; Gingrich then assured 11 votes from those 27 before Jan. 7 Ambition of Power – John M. Barry – chapter on Wright  Wright’s initial allies were Texas delegation and Public Works Committee  Also Dan Rostenkowski of Chicago  Ally Carl Albert became speaker in 1970 and Rostenkowski worked to get Hale Boggs as majority leader  Rostenkowski wanted chairman of Democratic caucus again  Boggs died and was replaced by Tip O’Neil  Wright used a one on one style to gain support and started aiding members who needed election help  Wright handed checks to candidates and gave speeches; result was 21 freshmen members  Majority leader vote: Burton 106; Bolling 81; Wright 77; McFall 31. McFall resigned  Next vote: Burton 107, Bolling 93, Wright 95. Bolling was out.  Bolling and supporters were convinced some Burton supports switched voted to Wright to eliminate Bolling for the final round (assuming Wright would be easier to defeat)  Wright beats Burton 148 to 147 The Making of Madame Whip - Jan. 2002  Cal Dooley told to support Pelosi for whip by Ernest Gallo  Dooley’s ally Steny Hoyer was also running  Minority Leader Gephardt thinking of president meant whip position could actually mean party leader  Pelosi believed Democrats would win 2000 allowing Gephardt to become speaker and leaving the whip position open  John Lewis and Steny Hoyer upset with Pelosi already campaigning in summer 1999  Lewis made proposal to Hoyer if he agreed to back him  Hoyer lost whip election in 1991 against Bonior  Pelosi entered Congress in special election due to death  Hoyer entered in state senate after lawschool, became state senate president, and then US senate  Hoyer had served a deputy majority whip and head of caucus  Brad Carson courted by Hoyer and Pelosi before being elected with campaign contributions  Hoyer’s moderate stances were more in line with Carson  Pelosi raised over double Hoyer’s contributions to Democrat campaigns  Hoyer convinced he had Mike Ross’s support but Ross did not go public  House Democrats started thinking about women voters and thinking too many men had leadership positions  John Larson called for female leadership  Long time friend of Hoyer was Ken Bentsen who thought Pelosi was also qualified  Hoyer’s speech focused on colleagues recalling to reflect on their mission while Pelosi emphasized her performance in fundraising and appeals to political ambitions  Pelosi won 118 to 95 Willie Brown Ends Era As Speaker – June 1995  Brown ends as state assembly speaker and picks Doris Allen to succeed him  Allen beat Republican leader Jim Brulte for position bid  New position, speaker emeritus, to let Brown keep some power  Allen was moderate and estranged some conservative members Brown’s Quieter Coup – New Rules Favoring Demos – June 1995  New rules to give Democrats more power even though minority  Allen had power over GOP caucus but not Democrat  Could not appoint Republicans to chairs  Democrats have control of their own caucus but limit candidate for speaker to controlling Republican caucus  Attempt to test Allen’s credentials Mr. Sam Survives – Cheney and Cheney  Vote in 1941 on extending the war draft  Last vote cast was a tie  A soon as a vote change favored the bill, Rayburn exercised a quick gavel  Demands for reconsideration but all were tabled  Went to college and worked as a janitor and bell ringer  Ran for Texas legislation 3 years later. After 4 years he became Speaker of Texas house  Ran for Congress in 1912  Received support early from John Garner, Cactus Jack; gave him workspace and committee assignment help for Interstate and Foreign Commerce  Champ Clark was Speaker at the time; gave Rayburn advice in reading biographies of country’s great men  Became chairman of Democrat Caucus in 1921  Discouraged after 5 terms since he was no closer to becoming Speaker  Became chairman of Interstate and Foreign Commerce after 18 years  Garner was resigning and Rayburn saw opportunity for Speaker position; did not get it because Texas had too much power in Congress  New speaker Joseph Byrns died 2 years after elected; majority leader William Bankhead became Speaker  Rayburn became new party leader but in a time where power of leadership was questioned due to power of Rules Committee  Bankhead died in 1940 and Rayburn became Speaker  Early years as speaker, Rayburn did not test Rules Committee very much  Became a problem as committee continued to block legislation he wanted to see passed  Republican majority and Rayburn was convinced into staying minority leader  Rayburn expected to strip defectors of their seniority when he became speaker again; no move made against Dixiecrats though  Animosity with segregation laws resulted in curbing Rules Committee; any legislation acted unfavorably on by committee could be acted upon within 21 days by original committee chairman  Rayburn lost influence over Republicans on Rules Committee when friend Joe Martin lost Republican leadership  Calendar Wednesday used to get education aid bill out of Rules  Rayburn supported JFK vision but Rules Committee was an obstacle  Originally, Rayburn planned on responding by removing some Democrat defectors from committee, then decided to expand committee to 15 members  Such a change was a change in House rules, requiring vote of all members- Conservative Democrats and Republicans would vote against it  Rayburn originally planned on having a binding caucus, where 2/3 Democrat support would mean all Democrats had to vote for the change  Changed his mind and had no binding caucus  Some Republicans defected and supported the change  Delay in vote was recommended by Kennedy to muster support; although it seemed it would not help  Compromise was proposed: Republicans would support five Kennedy bills if Rayburn backed down  Rayburn refused: final tally was 217 to 212  Legacy: committee power did not move to Speaker, it just dissipated Leaders and Parties in Congress –  Bob Livingston wins Speaker in 1998 election  Clinton impeachment soon after, Livingston resigned  J. Dennis Hastert elected in Jan. 1999  Two Congresses law-making and representative assembly  Reed Rules due to 1890 Speaker Thomas Reed “no dilatory motion shall be entertained by the Speaker”  Gingrich – biggest bully Speaker since Henry Clay  Hastert was opposite, low profile an shared role of Speaker with other Republicans  Speaker presides over House, rules on points of order, announces results, refer legislation to committees, name lawmakers to conference committees, control Rules Committee  Before 1890, Speakers were not very senior members  Gingrich known for revamping administrative structure of House  Joseph Cannon: assigned members to committees, appointed and removed chairmen, regulated flow of bills, and controlled debate. Forced out of Rules Committee in 1910  Champ Clark: denied authority to make committee assignments  Rayburn: power diffused among relatively small number of chairmen  Effective leadership through leverage over committees and chairmen  Thomas Tip O’Neill: 10 consecutive years as speaker, expanded whip structure and encouraged junior members to have big roles; party’s national spokesperson and highly visible  Jim Wright: a lot of individual work to get support, ethics charges by Gingrich, resigned in 1989  Foley took over in 1989, as a low-key consensus oriented leader that wanted civility and bipartisan support  Newt Gingrich 1995 – elected after getting 73 new Republican member, Contract with America, influence over committees which included ignoring seniority; phase 1: triumph with Contract with America; phase 2: confrontation leading to disaster; phase 3: cooperative. December 1996, ethics committee confession and 2 weeks later reprimanded by House. Resigned in 1998 after poor Republican election performance  Denis Hastert 1999 – more bipartisanship and was elected with no prior leadership post. Role changed when Bush was elected president.  Context and personality style/skills define Speaker  One half to two-thirds of floor votes are considered party unity  Minority party typically wins one third of all party unity votes due to defections  Party voting has been on the upswing GOP Liberals Are Key to Tax Cut – March 2003  Bush $726 billion tax cut faced challenged due to liberal Republicans  95% from House and Senate Republicans  Senate passed resolution for $350 billion- Republicans wanted it higher though  Olympia Snowe voted no due to her pivotal status in the vote  Snowe and Lincoln Chafee stood strongly against bill although Snowe suspected to succumb to party pressure  Snowe stated $350 million was her ceiling House, Senate GOP at Odds Over Tax Cut – April  Republicans wanted at least $500 billion  Four Senate Republicans oppose cut over $350 billion  John McCaine, George Voinovich, Olympia Snowe, and Lincol Chafee  Unless they change, result will be $
More Less

Related notes for POL SCI 171C

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.