[HIST 1351] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 13 pages long Study Guide!

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HIST 1351
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture 2
Reconstruction (1865-1877)
The iil ar as Aeria’s ostliest ar i the ters of life: , deaths
Southern Society, c. 1860
o Slaveholders in the south
Large planters 50 or more, less than 1% of white slave-owning population
Planters 20-49 slaves, 3% of white slave-owning population
Slaves were counted in the census. 3/5ths compromise
Slaves were considered property which gave them a different legal
standing
Small planters were fewer than 20% of the white slave-owning population.
o Non-slaveholding whites
Made up about 76% of the population
A lot of them wanted to be slave owners
o Enslaved population
1860 was about 4 million
https://ww.youtube.com/watch?v=aOJch5C8aEg
Various views of reconstruction
o Political reconstruction
MO had a split government but was never recognized as a state that succeeded
from the union
Liol’s % pla 83
If a state that had succeeded, if you could find 10% of adult white males
that were willing to take an oath of allegiance to the union then they
would be let back in
Wade-Davis Bill (1864) wants 51%, not 10% --does to become a law
o Events in 1865
13th amendment (Jan 1865) abolished slavery
Freeda’s ureau Marh 8
Southern surrender; Liol’s death April 8
o Reconstruction under Andrew Johnson
Amnesty party
High ranking plantation owners and confederate political members
Revoke ordinances of secession
Repudiate confederate debt
Take care of your war debt on your own and then you can be admitted
back to the United States
Ratify 13th amendment
What was left out?
Voting for former slaves (free African American men)
Southern response: black codes
Confrontation between Johnson and Radicals
o Etesio of Freeda’s Bureau
o 14th amendment, 1866
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Lecture 2
o New Orleans Riot, 1866
o Congressional Reconstruction Act, 1867
Radicals are forwarding this
Organized south into 5 military districts
Freedom granted right to vote
Confederate leaders barred from voting
Role of district military leaders
o Johso’s ipeachment
Radicals wanted to impeach and remove him as president because they had
difference of opinion in how reconstruction should go
o 15th amendment, 1870
I soe states, ou ould’t ote uless ou ould pass a litera test
Other states had a poll tax that had to be paid for anyone to vote.
Reconstruction at the National Level
o Hiram Revels
First African-American man to serve in the senate
Reconstruction at the state level
o About 600 African Americans served in the state legislatures
o A commitment to public education for both white and African Americans was important
Economic Impact of Reconstruction
o Shareholding
The crop is their only collateral because they literally have nothing else but the
clothes on their back. So, when they rent the land from the plantation owner
they have to pay them back. But if the crop fails then the African Americans
were in debt to the plantation owner. This then creates a never-ending cycle.
Social and political impact of reconstruction
o Ku Klux Klan, 1866
This is the first clan
This clan targeted radicals and those who supported them.
Abram Colby, GA legislator was pulled out of his bed and was tied and beaten.
He knew exactly who had done this.
Nathan Bedford Forrest was the founder of the klan
o Ku Klux Klan Act, 1871
Designed to put some teeth in the 14th amendment
President Grant was in office
Reconstruction ends
o An election and re-election of U.S. Grant
Grat’s scandals i his seod ter dre people’s attetio aa fro
reconstruction
o Economic crisis
o Liberal republicans
Not the same definition of liberal today
o Compromise of 1877
o Democrat Samuel Tilden and Republican Rutherford B. Hayes
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