[ILCS 1170] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (20 pages long!)

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ILCS 1170
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Intro to Sicily
Geographically
An island located in the mediterranean sea southwest of the mainland of italy
Only about 2 miles from the southern tip of Italy
Southernmost island of italy
Several small islands around it
During the Ice Age it disconnected from italy
Triangular in shape
Italy
Became a nation in 1860
Younger than even the US
Not the ancient territory we take it to be
1499 Italy was very divided into a compilation of city states
Occupied by many ethnic groups
At this time Sicily was its own kingdom, separate from Italy
Sicily located in a very vulnerable geographical location
First Inhabitants of Sicily
1st Sicans (Sicani) - most indigenous - eastern side
2nd Sicels (Siculi) - middle
3rd Elymians (Elimi) - western side - from Nigeria
Sicily today
Still no highway that goes through/around it
2 Active volcanoes
Mt. Etna
Even recent eruptions: 2015
Earthquakes as well
Stromboli - active volcanic island with 2 small towns (less than 1,000
people)
Four regional parks including MT. Etna
Has both beaches and mountains
Hills/Mountains in northern region
9 Provinces
Population 5.1 million
Largest region of italy
Largest mediterranean island
700 miles of coastline
Cities: Messina, Palermo, Trapani, Catania
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History of Sicily
Inazio Buttita - poet from Sicily who tries to voice the injustices the Sicily faces
and has faced throughout history
Sicily in the News
Northern African refugees trying to make it to Sicily
13,581 arriving in November of 2016
173,000 in 2016
4,699 Dead trying to make the trip in 2016
Current Industries
Fishing
Tuna, sword, squid, anchovies, mussels, oysters
Is causing decrease in wildlife, so regulations have been put in place
Industry is very limited
Part of Italy’s agrarian south
Underdeveloped without many industries
Towns are located on the tops of hills
Makes them vulnerable to the earthquakes that happen
Crafts
Ceramics - planters with faces grow basil (passion and love)
Sicilian carts painted with vibrant colors and big wheels to get over big
rocks and story painting on the sides
Traditional colors of Sicily - yellow and red
Agriculture
Nuts, citrus fruits
Sicilian Cuisine
Shellfish
Baked pasta
Chickpea fritters
Cassata Siciliana
La Martorana
All differs across the island
Not native to the island all brought in by colonizers
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