Study Guides (390,000)
US (230,000)
UConn (2,000)
PNB (60)
Study Guide

PNB 2264 Study Guide - Summer 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Protein, Bone, Connective Tissue


Department
Physiology and Neurobiology
Course Code
PNB 2264
Professor
crivello
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 105 pages of the document.
PNB 2264
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

PNB 2264
Day 1
Studying
- New language
o Based on latin and greek roots
- Study with others
- Ask questions in class
Exams
- Two during semester and one final
- Questions in the chapters are exam questions
- Final is cumulative
- Use Bloo’s taoo
Organization Human Body
- Anatomy structure, gross and microscopic
o Cells fundamental building blocks
- Physiology function
o Action of cells working together
- Core principles
o Structure dictates function at all levels
o Anatomy and physiology strives to maintain homeostasis
Homeostasis
- Outside the world changes all the time
- Your internal state cannot change
- The body strives to maintain key processes, blood compounds, etc. at a level that keeps
you alive
- Your cells are designed to keep you alive, strives to maintain your internal environment
How do we begin?
- All of us understand something about the human body, much of what we know is wrong
- 10% of brain idea, not true, we use all of our brain
- healthy teeth are gleaig hite? No….
We begin from outside looking in
- gross anatomy
o what we see with the naked eye
o limbs, feet, hands, head, eyes, ears
- Microscopic anatomy
o Need tools: microscopes
o Cells: cytology
Cyt- cells
-ology: study off
hist- tissues
o Tissues: histology
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Imaging Technology
Advances
- Ability to see within the body w/o cutting the skin
- Tissues are transparent to certain types of radiation and sound
o X-rays and ultrasound
- This allos us to uderstad hat is the oral struture ad hat is’t
X-rays
- Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays in 1895
o Realized that they passed through skin but not bones
o In common use by 1896 as a diagnostic tool
o Revolutionized our understanding of anatomy
o No one appreciated the danger
Ultrasound
- WW2 technology to find subs
o Sonograms
o 2 18 MHz
o used in all areas of medicine
o sound is differentially absorbed
CT scans
- spiral computed temography
o x-rays move in circle
o incredible resolution
MRI
- magnetic resonance imagins
- high-res internal images w/o x0rays
Angiography
- radio-opaque dye injected into the femoral artery injected into the femoral artery
- x-ray of blood vessels
- can show you, in real time, where a constriction or blockage is
PET scan
- positron emission tomography
o gold standard for cancer detection
- put a radioactive material in your body that is absorbed by the cancer and shows up as a
dark spot on the scan, this is taken out by the bladder so the bladder usually shows up
dark
Microscopy
- lens and light 1,000x magnification
Fluorescent microscopy
- tagging with fluorescent markers
o specific colorful
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version