[CLASS 40] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 15 pages long Study Guide!

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7 Feb 2017
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UCSB
CLASS 40
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Myth comes from greek for Muthas?
Ancient tale that gets taken up by society and retold through the ages
Has meaning for societies
Socially powerful traditional tale
The arch of the narrative Is important not whether the characters existed or not
The ideology changes
Myths are timeless because they keep getting taken up and used by society
Must separate the lore and ideology
What is a myth?
Lecture 1: What is a myth?
Monday, January 9, 2017
10:56 AM
Lecture Notes Page 1
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Comes from greek myth
Make data fit a preselected structure
Procrustrian solution:
Made people fit into a bed by stretching them out or cutting their feet off
Given a taste of own medicine by Theseus
Theseus cut his head off
Procrustes
Archaic period: 800-500BC
Classical period: 500-300 BC (commonly 321 BC)
Hellenistic Period: 321-31 BC
Ancient greece:
Key to Greek myth
Phoenicians wrote the first alphabet around 750 BC
First sung at the Panathenaea (Athenian festival): c 700 BC
Homer's epic poems, Iliad and Odyssey (800-700BC)
Works and days is about two brothers
Theogony is about the work of Gods
Hesiod's Poems, Works and days and Theogony (800-700BC)
Very few woman writers
Sappho's erotic poetry (c.600)
First tragedy competition held in Athens (534)
Establishment of the world's first democracy at Athens (510 onwards)
Every male citizen was encouraged to vote and city would subsidize them in order to make it
possible for them to vote
Women and foreigners were not allowed to vote
Athens was a democracy but not in the terms we know now
Thebes had a king
Sparta was interested in military power
Didn't waste time writing literature
Sparta was an oligarchy
Homer was very important in antiquity
United Greece, and was known beyond greece as well
Greek myth breaks down to different geographical contexts
Archaic Greece:
Empire of Alexander the Great 336-323 BC
Classical Greece:
Roman Empire 31BC-500AD
Ovid's poems and the greek novels
Much of greek mythology written in latin during the Roman empire
Hellenistic Greece:
Revolves around stories involving greek mythology
Transmitted through religion as well
Parthenon Temple, Athens
All male drinking party
Sex workers would come in
Music played as well
Plato set one of his works in this setting
Another context to consider
Symposium
Lecture 2: History and Contexts
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
10:52 AM
Lecture Notes Page 1
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