CLASS 40 Study Guide - Winter 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Zeus, Greek Mythology, Bronze Age

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CLASS 40
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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1/17/18
Where does Greek myth take place?
Set in Greece, islands were important to them
o Where myths are performed
o Islands are connected
A lot of malnutrition, poor people and a lot of middle class people
Seas, sailing, mountains
Primarily grow grain, grapes, and olives
People usually live on the coast
When does Greek Myth take place?
Bronze age = 3000 BC - 1000 BC
Early Iron Age = 1000 BC - 700 BC
Archaic Period = 700 BC - 480 BC
Classical Period = 480 BC - 323 BC
What is a Myth
Traditional tale
o Handed down from generation, owned by no one, retold and changed
o Different versions, etc Santa Claus (reindeer? Rudolph? All part of
traditional)
Mythos vs Logos
o Mythos = a traditional tale
CANNOT VERIFY BC TOO LONG AGO
o Logos = more “logical” and verifiable story
Relationship between myth and literature
We really want to know if myths are true
We read stories and excavate
o The labyrinth story with the minotaurs, there is actually a palace with a
labyrinth
Greek myths have exerted a hold on our imagination
Oedipus and the Sphinx
There won’t be easy answers
Sources:
Epic poetry, Tragedy, historians, poets, artistic representations
Greek Religion
Anthropo morphism
o Gods look and act like humans, only more powerful (eg. Apollo and his
bow)
Reciprocity
o Helping friends and harming enemies
Animal sacrifice
o Sacrificed at an alter, slit its throat and bleed it out, and say prayer
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o Gods get bone ashes
o Humans get edible portions
Temples are religiously not important, only hold statues and shit
Alters and sacrifice establishes a communication channel between humans and
gods
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Document Summary

Where does greek myth take place: set in greece, islands were important to them, where myths are performed. Islands are connected: a lot of malnutrition, poor people and a lot of middle class people, seas, sailing, mountains, primarily grow grain, grapes, and olives, people usually live on the coast. All part of traditional: mythos vs logos, mythos = a traditional tale, cannot verify bc too long ago, logos = more logical and verifiable story, relationship between myth and literature. We really want to know if myths are true: we read stories and excavate, the labyrinth story with the minotaurs, there is actually a palace with a labyrinth. Greek myths have exerted a hold on our imagination: oedipus and the sphinx, there won"t be easy answers. Sources: epic poetry, tragedy, historians, poets, artistic representations. Divine race of heros called half gods: iron age, our current age, full of toiland abd luck, old age, and bad manners.

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