HIST 87 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Fujiwara Clan, Heian Period, Heian Palace

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7 Feb 2017
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HIST 87
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Jan 9, 2017
Basic Chronology of Japanese History
Text marked in blue will be the periods the class focuses on.
Jomon Culture
c. 14,500 - c. 400 BCE
Yayoi Culture
c. 900 BCE - c. 250 CE
Tomb Period
c. 250 - 592
Asuka, start of bureaucracy
592 - 710
Nara
710 - 794
Heian, move of capital
794 - 1185
Kamakura
1185 - 1333
Ashikaga
1336 - 1600
Sengoku
1467 - 1603
Tokugawa, Edo Period
1600 - 1868
Modern Japan
- Meiji
- Taiso
- Showa
- Heisei
1868 - present
- 1868 - 1912
- 1912 - 1926
- 1926 - 1989
- 1989 - present
Jan 10, 2017
Section Notes
“Kojiki”
- Chronicle of ancient events
- Written in 8th century in Nara Period
- One of the first history books written, at least, the first attempt to do so
- Emperor’s language
- What’s so special about it?
- He doesn’t speak, rather he sings
- Singing is seen as divine
- “Child of the gods”
- Lots of repetition in his poetic verses
- What is it about?
- Title is self explanatory
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- Jimmu, the future emperor, comes and conquers a city
- He fails near the end, and calls the gods for help
- Gods respond and the city is his to rule
- What does it tell us about Japanese history?
- There was a lot of disorder, yet lots of order within it
- Gaining control over land was important
- Seems as if an impossible task had been conquered
- People of extremely high ranks are regarded as divine beings
- Jimmu seen as an important human, that gods are willing to help him achieve his
goals
- Why did the professor assign this?
- To show that history had to start somewhere, even if it was horribly written
- To show how certain people were treated in the time period
- To document the prose of the time period
- Much of the information given in the story was heavily based on gods, rather than
facts
- At what time did Japan begin to make that transition from religion into
science?
IMPORTANT: Identification and vocabulary is essential to pass the class.
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