COGS 101B - Final Study Guide

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Department
Cognitive Science
Course
COGS 101B
Professor
Sarah Creel
Semester
Spring

Description
COGS101BWinter2013InstructorSarahCreelFINALSTUDYGUIDEFORMAT40newmaterialquestions30oldmaterialquestionsReviewFlashcardsTypesofMemory219DistinctionsinmemorylongtermmemoryDeclarativememoryknowledgememoriesthatareeasilyverbalizedstatedconsistsofsemanticepisodicmemoryProceduralmemoryknowledgememoriesthatarenoteasilyverbalizedExHowtoholdabowlingballparticularstanceMotormemoriesSemanticMemorygeneralknowledgelikefactsCategoryknowledgeorknowledgeofeventschemasMeyerSchvaneveldt1971conceptsthatarerelatedtoeachotheractivateeachotherSemanticmemoryisbasedonyourownknowledgeLexicaldecisiontaskParticipantsgiventwobuttonseverytimeparticipantseesawordtheypressabuttoneverytimetheyseeanonwordtheypressanotherbuttonActivationlevelofawordboostedcausesdecisiontobefasterReactiontimeofrealwordandhowprimingofrelatedwordpreactivatesthewordPrimeisrelatedorunrelatedwordFishtolampnormalRTcuptobowlinterleavedstructurescoactivateeachother1COGS101BWinter2013InstructorSarahCreelanotherexDoctortoNursefasterthanDoctortoButterLexicaldecisiontobowlisfasterfacilitatedprocessingfirstwordsendssemanticactivationtorelatedwordscausingthemtobealittlepreactivatedmakingthemabitfastertoreachcriticalactivationrecognizingitswordnessornotCategoriesfacilitateabilitytomakeinferenceseasiertorelatehorsestoanimalshardertorecognizehorsesrelatedtoelectronsTheconceptsofhorsesandanimalsareclosertoeachotherratherthanconceptsofhorsesandmatterCollinsQuillanhierarchialmodelofcategorystructurenetworkofsemanticmemoryhasNodesconceptsiebirdfishanimalequivalentnodesindifferentlanguagesLinksconnectnodesLabeledisaorhasahaspartcomponentDirectedactivationcanpassinonlyonedirectionActivationTagstracksyourprogressinanetworkSuperordinatesubordinateanimalissuperordinatetomammalfrenchbulldogandpoodlearesubordinatestodogcategoryanimalmammaldogbulldogpoodleTestedunderSentenceverificationparadigmTorFCathasslitpupilisfastertosayistrueratherthanacatisananimalTheideaisthatyougoonelinkawayforslitpupilandtwolinksawayforanimalBasicLevelabasiclevelexistsacrosscultureswheremostpeopleprocessthingsandkidsfirststartlabelingthingsimpropernounscommonnounsdogcatYourpersonalbasiclevelcanchangeby2COGS101BWinter2013InstructorSarahCreelhavingparticularexpertiseinanareapinetreevstreeProblemswithhierarchicalmodelTypicalityeffectifthereisnodifferencesbetweenlinkstrengthswhyisitfastertosayarobinisabirdoverapenguinisabirdMoretypicalthingsmoreexperiencedthingshavestrongerlinksactivationarrowisstrongerandsentmorerapidlybuthierarchystillpresentViolationsofhierarchyFastertosayachickenisananimalratherthanachickenisabirdskipslevelsofhierarchyAddingalinkfromchickentoanimalviolatesthehierarchyFalseresponsesuntrueresponsescanbeslowertosayitsfalsethatabatisabirdratherthanabatisaplantduetorelatednesseffectmisleadingbatbirdsimilaritiesmakesRTslowerStrictlyhierarchicalmodeldoesntcompletelyencapsulatenotionsofsemanticmemoryRathersemanticmemorymorelikeawebwithlinksandactivationsnotnecessarilyhierarchicalfiretogetherwiretogetherSimilarthingscoactivatetogetherEpisodicmemoryparticulareventsintimeorexperiencesgraduationdinnerLotsofdetailsaboutrepresentationtemporalsequencespecificMemoryforsourcewherethingshappenedwhosaidwhatTruthissubjectiveEpisodicseparatefromsemanticmemorySemanticmemorydeterminedbycollectivewillwhereasepisodicmemoryisindividualSeparateorsemanticmemorymaybebuiltupfromlotsofepisodesAmnesiaresearchdoesntsupportdistinctionWehavememoryforepisodesbutforanterogradeamnesiacsitshardtoteachnewsemanticepisodicknowledgeIfepisodesadduptosemanticsyoucantknockoutonewithouttheotherAmnesiaEvidencethatepisodicmemoryisnotseparatefromsemanticmemoryRetrogradeamnesiacannotremembereventspriortotobraindamagecanbeaffectedbyalcoholVitaminBmostlyThiamineandFolicAciddeficiencycausedbyalcoholicTVtypeamnesiaAnterogradeamnesiacannotlaterremembereventsthatoccurafterbraindamageMuchmorelikelytooccurProceduralmemoryoftenintactHMhadsurgeryin1953fortemporallobeepilepsyIQwentupafteroperationAftersurgeryhecouldntlearnnewpeoplewordsoreventssincesurgeryand3
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