CAT 1- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 31 pages long!)

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CAT 1
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Soloman’s sons weren’t able to negotiate w/ northern tribe leaders bc they were taxed heavily
Revolution
Sol. dies, tribes appeal to his son Rehoboam
Ignores wise advice of his father’s advisors; listens to bad advice of his stupid entourage
Loses the allegiance of 10/12 tribes
The aftermath
Civil war leads to 2 kingdoms (928 bce)
10 northern tribes break away to form Israel; Jeroboam picked to become king
Judah (& Benjamin) form southern kingdom of Judah
The South
Kingdom of Judah
Jerusalem as capital
Maintains control of temple
Davidic dynasty rules w/o break
Mixture of good & bad kings
The North
Kingdom of Israel
Various capitals, eventually city of Samaria
Jeroboam builds alternate worship locations to replace the Jerusalem Temple
Sequence of dynasties, coups, assassinations, atc.
All bad kings
The Assyrian Empire
1st of a succession of mesopotamian empires who will significantly affect the israelite
kingdoms
Use brutal warfare to bully subject peoples into paying tribute and taxes
Destroys Samaria and the nor. Kingdom in 722 bce, exiles most of populace
Kingdom of Judah remains alone
The Fear of Assyria
Assyrian policy of massive deportations
Impaling rebels outside the city walls
According to the bible, the north was ravished bc they left the holy land/Jerusalem and it served
as a punishment from god
King Hezekiah
Judah absorbs a large influx of refugees from conquered Israel. Jerusalem 4x in
population. Many live unprotected on the western hill
Wants to rebel against Assyrian domination
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Prepares for siege: stockpiles supplies, builds a wall around the western part of city,
protects the water spring w/ a tunnel under the eastern ridge
One of the best kings bc he followed and ruled according to the lord
Hezekiah’s Gov’t
Fortifying Jerusalem
“Broad Wall
Water supply
Hezekiah’s tunnel, tunnel inscription
Administration
Royal storage jars
LMLK seal impressions
Hezekiah’s Tunnel
Protected water supply & brought water to central valley and eastern section
Sennacherib’s Campaign
Sargon II, the old Assyrian king dies in 705 BCE
Judah rebels, along w/ many parts of the empire
701 BCE, new king Sennacherib marches into the Levant to smash the rebellion &
restore Assyrian supremacy
Differing versions:
2kings: divine intervention rescues city; Senn. withdraws, later assassinated by his sons
Senn’s annals: he conquers 46 Judean cities and forts, takes captives and tribute,
leaves Hezekiah in his city like a “caged bird”
Zion theology
How were these events interpreted back then?
Jerusalem was saved
Temple was saved
House of David was vindicated (again)
Psalms
Growing collection, eventually 150 songs and hymns, divided into 5 books
Message of the Prophets
Judgement
Destructions
Call for repentance
Future days of peace
Blessings from God
King Manasseh
Son of Hezekiah, reigns 55 yrs
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Document Summary

Soloman"s sons weren"t able to negotiate w/ northern tribe leaders bc they were taxed heavily. Sol. dies, tribes appeal to his son rehoboam. Ignores wise advice of his father"s advisors; listens to bad advice of his stupid entourage. Civil war leads to 2 kingdoms (928 bce) 10 northern tribes break away to form israel; jeroboam picked to become king. Judah (& benjamin) form southern kingdom of judah. Jeroboam builds alternate worship locations to replace the jerusalem temple. 1st of a succession of mesopotamian empires who will significantly affect the israelite kingdoms. Use brutal warfare to bully subject peoples into paying tribute and taxes. Kingdom in 722 bce, exiles most of populace. According to the bible, the north was ravished bc they left the holy land/jerusalem and it served as a punishment from god. Judah absorbs a large influx of refugees from conquered israel.

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